NICHD is one of several NIH institutes and other federal entities that supports and conducts research on HIV/AIDS. The institute has a particular focus on women (including pregnant women), infants, children, and adolescents. NICHD conducts and supports research on HIV infection, treatment, and prevention in its populations of interest.
NICHD's portfolio covers a variety of topics in HIV/AIDS. These include HIV pathogenesis, epidemiology and demographics, prevention, and treatment. Co-occurring diseases are also included in NICHD's HIV/AIDS research interests. The institute also supports professional training and the development of research infrastructure that will facilitate research in HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections.