About Infertility and Fertility

"Infertility" is a term that describes when a couple is unable to achieve pregnancy after 1 year of having regular, unprotected sex, or after 6 months if the woman is older than 35 years of age.

The term "infertility" also is used to describe the condition of women who are able to get pregnant but unable to carry a pregnancy to term because of miscarriage (sometimes called clinical spontaneous abortion), recurrent pregnancy loss, stillbirth, or other problems.1,2

Recurrent pregnancy loss is considered distinct from infertility. Although there may be some overlap, the causes of pregnancy loss, recurrent pregnancy loss, and stillbirth are often different from the causes of infertility.


  1. Practice Committee of American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (2013). Definitions of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss: A committee opinion. Fertility and Sterility, 99(1), 63.
  2. American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (n.d.). Infertility. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.fertilityanswers.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/infertility-an-overview-booklet.pdf External Web Site Policy (PDF - 724 KB)

How common is infertility?

What are some causes of infertility?

What is fertility preservation?

When should I consult a health care provider?

How is infertility diagnosed?

What infertility treatments are available?

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