Stroke is a leading cause of disability and death in the United States. Strokes leave many people with long-term physical and cognitive difficulties; rehabilitation after stroke is an important goal.
NICHD is one of many federal agencies and NIH Institutes working to understand stroke and how to improve methods of post-stroke rehabilitation.
A stroke occurs when a blocked vessel or artery prevents blood from getting to part of the brain, or when a vessel or artery bursts and spills blood into the brain.
What are the symptoms of stroke?
Stroke symptoms come on suddenly and include numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg; confusion or trouble talking; dizziness and vision problems.
How many people are affected by/at risk for stroke?
Each year, about 795,000 people in the United States have strokes, and of these incidents, 137,000 of the people die.
What causes stroke?
Ischemic stroke—the most common kind of stroke—is caused by a blockage in an artery carrying blood to the brain.
What are some common outcomes of stroke & some common treatments for these outcomes?
At the hospital, healthcare providers will treat stroke with medications, surgery, or both, depending on the type of stroke. Recovery may take months or years.
NICHD Research Information
NICHD conducts and supports research on stroke and on many disorders associated with it.
Find a Study
Find a Study on Stroke
NICHD conducts and supports a variety of clinical research projects related to stroke.
Find answers to other common questions about stroke, such as whether stroke is preventable.