A core responsibility of the NICHD’s research is to make sure that women have no harmful effects from reproductive processes, including pregnancy. High-risk pregnancy encompasses a range of risks affecting the health of the mother and the fetus. Topics in the NICHD’s research portfolio include the etiology, prevention, risk reduction, and treatment of high-risk pregnancy. The Institute also supports professional training, the development of a research infrastructure that facilitates healthy pregnancy in all groups, and dissemination of research for best practices during pregnancy and childbirth. The NICHD participates in federal initiatives, including the Interagency Coordinating Council on Low Birth Weight and Preterm Birth, directed at reducing pregnancy risks and facilitating healthy outcomes.