For women who are diagnosed with a high-risk pregnancy, treatment varies depending on the risk factors.
High Blood Pressure
Some changes to high blood pressure medication may be necessary during pregnancy. A health care provider can also offer advice about the best way to keep blood pressure under control. Suggestions may include recommendations to limit salt intake and get regular exercise.
Gestational diabetes, or developing diabetes during pregnancy, increases the risk of pregnancy complications. However, many women have healthy pregnancies and healthy infants because they follow a health care provider’s recommended diet and treatment plan. A woman diagnosed with gestational diabetes should1:
- Know her blood sugar level and keep it under control. A women diagnosed with gestational diabetes can track her own blood sugar levels by testing several times a day.
- Eat a healthy diet. A low carbohydrate diet with meals spread throughout the day helps to keep blood sugar under control. Health care providers will offer advice for developing a plan with the best diet for each individual.
- Keep a healthy weight. The amount of weight gain that is healthy for a woman will depend on how much she weighed before pregnancy. It is important to track both overall weight gain and the weekly rate of weight gain.
- Keep daily records of diet, physical activity, and glucose level. A woman with gestational diabetes should write down her blood sugar numbers, physical activity, and everything she eats and drinks in a daily record book.
Some women with gestational diabetes will also need to take medicine, such as an oral hypoglycemic tablet or insulin to help manage their diabetes.
HIV infection can be passed from a mother to her fetus as well as during childbirth and breastfeeding, but treatment can prevent transmission.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet. Retrieved July 17, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/estimates11.htm