Cushing syndrome (also called hypercortisolism) is a condition that occurs when a person’s body is exposed to too much of a hormone called cortisol or a medication similar to cortisol for too long. The syndrome is usually caused by taking certain medicines that mimic cortisol. Other causes include tumors that make the body produce excess cortisol. Cushing syndrome includes a range of treatable symptoms. In most cases, the syndrome is curable. NICHD is one of the many federal agencies that support and conduct research on the causes of Cushing syndrome, ways to diagnose it earlier, and better treatments.