Skip Navigation

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI): Overview

Skip sharing on social media links

Osteogenesis imperfecta (pronounced os-tee-uh-JEN-uh-sis im-per-FEK-tuh) means “imperfect bone formation” and is commonly known as “brittle bone disease” or OI. It is a rare genetic disorder that affects the protein collagen (pronounced KOL-uh-juhn), which is found in bone, teeth, skin, tendons, and parts of the eye. People with osteogenesis imperfecta have bones that can break easily, sometimes with no obvious cause. NICHD research has been instrumental in discovering the genes that cause some types of OI. The Institute continues to conduct and support research on many aspects of OI, including genetics and treatment. 

​​​ arrow pointing left For more information about this topic, select the Condition Information, Research Information, Clinical Trials, or Resources and Publications link in the menu on the left.

Common Name

  • Brittle bone disease

Medical or Scientific Name

  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, types I to XI
BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research