There are many different branches of neuroscience. Each focuses on a specific topic, body system, or function:
- Developmental neuroscience describes how the brain forms, grows, and changes.
- Cognitive neuroscience is about how the brain creates and controls thought, language, problem-solving, and memory.
- Molecular and cellular neuroscience explores the genes, proteins, and other molecules that guide how neurons function.
- Neurogenetics focuses on inherited changes to neurons, including studies of certain genetic diseases, such as Huntington’s disease and Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
- Behavioral neuroscience examines the brain areas and processes underlying how animals and humans act.
- Clinical neuroscience explores how to treat and prevent neurological disorders and how to rehabilitate patients whose nervous system has been injured.
- Neurophysiology describes the study of the nervous system itself and how it functions.
- Sensory neuroscience examines features of the body’s sensory systems and how the nervous system interprets and processes sensory information.