What are some different areas of neuroscience?

There are many different branches of neuroscience. Each focuses on a specific topic, body system, or function:

  • Developmental neuroscience describes how the brain forms, grows, and changes.
  • Cognitive neuroscience is about how the brain creates and controls thought, language, problem-solving, and memory.
  • Molecular and cellular neuroscience explores the genes, proteins, and other molecules that guide how neurons function.
  • Neurogenetics focuses on inherited changes to neurons, including studies of certain genetic diseases, such as Huntington’s disease and Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
  • Behavioral neuroscience examines the brain areas and processes underlying how animals and humans act.
  • Clinical neuroscience explores how to treat and prevent neurological disorders and how to rehabilitate patients whose nervous system has been injured.
  • Neurophysiology describes the study of the nervous system itself and how it functions.
  • Sensory neuroscience examines features of the body’s sensory systems and how the nervous system interprets and processes sensory information.
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