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A woman looking at illustration of the adrenal glands on a tablet.

​​​​​​​​​ ​What causes adrenal gland disorders?

Adrenal gland disorders are caused by problems with one or both adrenal glands or by problems with other glands, such as the pituitary gland.

Specific disorders can develop when the adrenal glands produce too few or too many hormones, or when too many hormones are introduced from an outside source.1

  • Cushing's Syndrome

  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)

  • Pituitary Tumors 

  • Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma

  • Addison's Disease

  • Hyperaldosteronism



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  1. New York Times Health Guide. (2008). Exogenous adrenal insufficiency. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from External Web Site Policy [top]
  2. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2012). Cushing's syndrome. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from[top]
  3. CARES Foundation. (2007). Overview: What is congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)? Retrieved May 25, 2016, from External Web Site Policy [top]
  4. Asa, S. L., & Ezzat, S. (2002). The pathogenesis of pituitary tumours. Nature Reviews Cancer, 2, 836–849. [top]
  5. Melmed, S. (2011). Pathogenesis of pituitary tumors. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 7, 257–266. [top]
  6. Ilias, I., & Pacak, K. (2008). A clinical overview of pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas and carcinoid tumors. Nuclear Medicine and Biology, 35, S27–S34 [top]
  7. Society for Endocrinology. (2015). Addison's disease. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from External Web Site Policy [top]
  8. Society for Endocrinology. (2013). Hyperaldosteronism. Retrieved May 25, 2016 from External Web Site Policy [top]

What are some types of adrenal gland disorders?

What are the symptoms of adrenal gland disorders?​​

How many people are affected by adrenal gland disorders?

What causes adrenal gland disorders?​

How do health care providers diagnose adrenal gland disorders?

What are the treatments for adrenal gland disorders?​​​​​​