What causes adrenal gland disorders?

Adrenal gland disorders are caused by problems with one or both adrenal glands or by problems with other glands, such as the pituitary gland.

Specific disorders can develop when the adrenal glands produce too few or too many hormones, or when too many hormones are introduced from an outside source.1

Citations

    1. New York Times Health Guide. (2008). Exogenous adrenal insufficiency. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/exogenous-adrenal-insufficiency/overview.html external link
    2. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2012). Cushing's syndrome. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/cushings-syndrome
    3. CARES Foundation. (2007). Overview: What is congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)? Retrieved May 25, 2016, from http://www.caresfoundation.org/what-is-cah/ External Web Site Policy
    4. Asa, S. L., & Ezzat, S. (2002). The pathogenesis of pituitary tumours. Nature Reviews Cancer, 2, 836–849.
    5. Melmed, S. (2011). Pathogenesis of pituitary tumors. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 7, 257–266.
    6. Chen, H., Sippel, R.S., O'Dorisio, M.S., Vinik, AI., Lloyd, R.V., Pacak, K.; et al. The North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Society consensus guideline for the diagnosis and management of neuroendocrine tumors: pheochromocytoma, paraganglioma, and medullary thyroid cancer. Pancreas, 39, 775-783. Retrieved March 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20664475
    7. Society for Endocrinology. (2015). Addison's disease. Retrieved May 25, 2016, from http://www.yourhormones.info/endocrine-conditions/addisons-disease/ external link
    8. Society for Endocrinology. (2013). Hyperaldosteronism. Retrieved May 25, 2016 from http://www.yourhormones.info/endocrine-conditions/primary-hyperaldosteronism/ external link
    9. Chen, H., Sippel, R.S., O'Dorisio, M.S., Vinik, AI., Lloyd, R.V., Pacak, K.; et al. The North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Society consensus guideline for the diagnosis and management of neuroendocrine tumors: pheochromocytoma, paraganglioma, and medullary thyroid cancer. Pancreas, 39, 775-783. Retrieved March 2, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20664475
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