SBSB Research: NEXT Longitudinal Study 2009-2016

NEXT is a 7-year longitudinal assessment of a representative sample of U.S. adolescent and young adults starting at grade 10. The goals of NEXT include: identify the trajectory of adolescent health status and health behaviors from mid-adolescence through the post high school years; examine individual predictors of the onset of key adolescent risk behaviors and risk indicators during this period; identify genetic, personal, family, school, and social/environmental factors that promote or sustain positive health behaviors; identify transition points in health risk and risk behaviors and changes in family, school, and social/environmental precursors to these transitions; and examine the role of potential gene-environment interactions in the development of health status and health behaviors.

Assessments are conducted annually for seven years beginning in the 2009-2010 school year. African American youth are oversampled to provide a better population estimate and to provide an adequate sample to examine racial/ethnic differences in longitudinal predictors of health, health behaviors, and health behavior change. Self-reports of health status, health behaviors, and health attitudes are collected by in-school and online surveys. Anthropometric data, genetic information, and neighborhood characteristics are gathered on all participants as well. The study also incorporates a School Administrator Survey and other data files to obtain related information on school-level health programs and community-level contextual data.

A subsample of students participate in more objective extensive assessments of factors affecting cardiovascular health including: physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep patterns; adolescent diet and nutrient intake; and biological markers for obesity and cardiovascular disease. Driving performance is evaluated in 150 young adults.

NEXT is supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and the Maternal and Child Health Branch of the Health Resources and Services Administration.

Principal Investigator

Bruce Simons-Morton, Ed.D., M.P.H.

DIPHR Collaborators

NIH Collaborators

  • Tsz (Kelvin) Choi, PhD, M.P.H, National Institute on Minority Health and Disparities
  • Ralph Hingson, Sc.D., M.P.H. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • Danping Liu, Ph.D., National Cancer Institute

External Collaborators

  • Pouya Jonathon Ehsani, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
  • Ronald Iannotti, the CDM Group
  • Daniel Lewin, Ph.D., DABSM, Children’s National Medical Center
  • Mary Kay Kenney, Ph.D., Health Resources and Services Administration
  • Kaigang Li, Ph.D., M.P.H., Colorado State University
  • Frederico Vaca, M.D., M.P.H., Yale University

Selected Publications

  • Luk JW, Wang J, Simons-Morton BG. The co-occurrence of substance use and bullying behaviors among U.S. adolescents: understanding demographic characteristics and social influences. Journal of Adolescence. 2012; 35(5): 1351-1360. PMID: 22698675 . PMCID: PMC3432689 
  • Hingson RW, Zha W, Iannotti RJ, Simons-Morton B. Physician advice to adolescents about drinking and other health behaviors. Pediatrics. 2013; 131(2):249-257. PMID: 23359580 . PMCID: PMC4074674 
  • Kenney MK, Wang J, Iannotti R. Residency and racial/ethnic differences in weight status and lifestyle behaviors among US youth. The Journal of Rural Health. 2014; 30(1):89-100. PMID: 24383488 . PMCID: PMC4696387 
  • Li K, Simons-Morton BG, Brooks-Russell A, Ehsani J, Hingson R. Drinking and parenting practices as predictors of impaired driving behaviors among U.S. adolescents. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2014; 75(1):5-15. PMID: 24411792 . PMCID: PMC3893633 
  • Li K, Iannotti RJ, Haynie DL, Perlus JG, Simons-Morton BG. Motivation and planning as mediators of the relation between social support and physical activity among U.S. adolescents: a nationally representative study. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2014; 11(1):42. PMID: 24656181 . PMCID: PMC3994425 
  • Li K, Simons-Morton BG, Vaca FE, Hingson R. Association between riding with an impaired driver and driving while impaired. Pediatrics. 2014; 133(4):620-626. PMID: 24639277 . PMCID: PMC3966504 
  • Li K, Simons-Morton BG, Vaca FE, Hingson R. Reciprocal Associations Between Parental Monitoring Knowledge and Impaired Driving in Adolescent Novice Drivers. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2015; 16(7):645-651. PMID: 25941751 . PMCID: PMC4692247 
  • Lipsky LM, Haynie DL, Liu D, Chaurasia A, Gee B, Li K, Iannotti RJ, Simons-Morton B. Trajectories of eating behaviors in a nationally representative cohort of U.S. adolescents during the transition to young adulthood. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2015; 12:138. PMID: 26537771 . PMCID: PMC4632654 
  • Li K, Haynie D, Palla H, Lipsky L, Iannotti RJ, Simons-Morton B. Assessment of adolescent weight status: similarities and differences between CDC, IOTF, and WHO references. Preventive Medicine. 2016; 87:151-154. PMID: 26921658 . PMCID: PMC4884484 
  • Li K, Simons-Morton B, Gee B, Hingson R. Marijuana-, alcohol-, and drug-impaired driving among emerging adults: changes from high school to one-year post-high school. Journal of Safety Research. 2016; 58:15-20. PMID: 27620930 . PMCID: PMC5022791 
  • Li K, Haynie D, Lipsky L, Iannotti RJ, Pratt C, Simons-Morton B. Changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among older adolescents. Pediatrics. 2016; 138(4). pii: e20161372. PMID: 27669737 . PMCID: PMC5051211 
  • Simons-Morton B, Haynie D, Liu D, Chaurasia A, Li K, Hingson R. The effect of residence, school status, work status, and social influence on the prevalence of alcohol use among emerging adults. Journal of Studies of Alcohol and Drugs. 2016; 77(1):121-132. PMID: 26751362 . PMCID: PMC4711312 
  • Lipsky LM, Nansel TR, Haynie DL, Liu D, Eisenberg MH, Simons-Morton B. Power of Food Scale in association with weight outcomes and dieting in a nationally representative cohort of U.S. young adults. Appetite. 2016; 105:385-391. PMID: 27298083 . PMCID: PMC4980265 
  • Nansel TR, Lipsky LM, Eisenberg MH, Haynie DL, Liu D, Simons-Morton B. Greater Food Reward Sensitivity is Associated with More Frequent Intake of Discretionary Foods in a Nationally Representative Sample of Young Adults. Frontiers in Nutrition. 2016; 3:33. PMID: 27588287 . PMCID: PMC4989129 
  • Li K, Liu D, Haynie D, Gee B, Chaurasia A, Seo DC, Iannotti RJ, Simons-Morton BG. Individual, social, and environmental influences on the transitions in physical activity among emerging adults. BioMed Central Public Health. 2016; 16:682. PMID: 27485724 . PMCID: PMC4970300 
  • Simons-Morton B, Li K, Ehsani J, Vaca FE. Co-variability in three dimensions of teenage driving risk behavior: impaired driving, risky and unsafe driving behavior, and secondary task engagement. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2016; 17(5):441-446. PMID: 26514232 . PMCID: PMC4851597 
  • Vaca FE, Li K, Hingson R, Simons-Morton BG. Transitions in Riding with an Alcohol/Drug-Impaired Driver from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood in the United States. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.2016; 77(1):77-85. PMID: 26751357 . PMCID: PMC4711323 
  • Hingson R, Zha W, Simons-Morton B, White A. Alcohol-induced blackouts as predictors of other drinking related harms among emerging young adults. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 2016; 40(4):776-784. PMID: 27012148 . PMCID: PMC4820355 
  • Simons-Morton B, Haynie D, O'Brien F, Lipsky L, Bible J, Liu D. Variability in Measures of Health and Health Behavior Among Emerging Adults 1 Year After High School According to College Status. Journal of American College Health. 2017; 65(1):58-66. PMID: 27661849 . PMCID: PMC5549460 
  • Kar IN, Li K, Haynie DL, Simons-Morton BG. Emerging adults without a driver's license engage in more transportation-related physical activity to school/work in certain environmental contexts. Preventive Medicine. 2017; 96:42-48. PMID: 28011136 . PMCID: PMC5328841 
  • Lipsky LM, Nansel TR, Haynie DL, Liu D, Li K, Pratt CA, Iannotti RJ, Dempster KW, Simons-Morton B. Diet quality of US adolescents during the transition to adulthood: changes and predictors. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2017; 105(6):1424-1432. PMID: 28446498 . PMCID: PMC5445678 
  • Haynie DL, Lewin D, Luk JW, Lipsky LM, O'Brien F, Iannotti RJ, Liu D, Simons-Morton BG. Beyond sleep duration: bidirectional associations between chronotype, social jetlag, and drinking behaviors in a longitudinal sample of US high school students. Sleep. 2017. PMID: 29237053 
  • Trivedi N, Haynie D, Bible J, Liu D, Simons-Morton B. Cell Phone Use While Driving: Prospective Association with Emerging Adult Use. Accident; Analysis and Prevention. 2017; 106:450-455. PMID: 28735180 . PMCID: PMC5610622 
  • O'Brien F, Simons-Morton B, Chaurasia A, Luk J, Haynie D, Liu D. Post-High School Changes in Tobacco and Cannabis Use in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse. 2018; 53(1):26-35. PMID: 28742412 
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