There are several options to treat the symptoms of vulvodynia. These may include lifestyle changes and therapy, medical treatment, and surgical treatment.
A variety of treatment options may be presented to patients, including:1
- Topical medications, such as lidocaine ointment (a local anesthetic) or hormonal creams
- Drug treatment, such as pain relievers, antidepressants, or anticonvulsants
- Biofeedback therapy, intended to help decrease pain sensation
- Physical therapy to strengthen pelvic floor muscles
- Injections of steroids or anesthetics
- Surgery to remove the affected skin and tissue in localized vulvodynia
- Changes in diet (for example, some physicians may suggest a diet low in oxalates, which can form crystals in the body if they aren't filtered out by the kidneys)
- Complementary or alternative therapies (including relaxation, massage, homeopathy, and acupuncture)
Types of Treatment for Vulvodynia
- Haefner, H. K., Collins, M. E., Davis, G. D., Edwards, L., Foster, D. C., Hartmann, E. H., et al. (2005). The vulvodynia guideline. Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, 9, 40–51.