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Other Pregnancy FAQs

Basic information for topics, such as “What is it?” and “How many people are affected?” is available in the About Pregnancy section. Answers to other Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) specific to pregnancy are in this section.

  • How much weight should I gain during pregnancy?

  • What can I do during pregnancy to help make sure my child
    is a healthy weight?

  • Is it safe to take medications or supplements during pregnancy?

  • What unique challenges do pregnant women with disabilities face?


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  1. U.S. Department of Agriculture. (2015). Pregnancy weight gain calculator. Retrieved June 1, 2016, from [top]
  2. Institute of Medicine. (2009). Weight gain during pregnancy: Reexamining the guidelines. Retrieved July 31, 2012, from External Web Site Policy (PDF - 47 KB) [top]
  3. American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists. (2013). Committee Opinion No. 548. Weight gain during pregnancy. Retrieved June 1, 2016, from External Web Site Policy [top]
  4. NIH. (2010). Risk of newborn heart defects increases with maternal obesity [news release]. Retrieved July 30, 2012, from [top]
  5. Wojcicki, J. M., & Heyman, M. B. (2010). Let’s Move—Childhood obesity prevention from pregnancy and infancy onward. New England Journal of Medicine, 362, 1457–1459. PMID: 20393165 [top]
  6. Horta, B. L. & Victora, C. G. (2013). Long-term effects of breastfeeding: A systematic review. World Health Organization. Retrieved June 1, 2016, from External Web Site Policy (PDF – 1.2 MB) [top]
  7. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2014). What I need to know about gestational diabetes. Retrieved June 1, 2016, from [top]
  8. Behl, M., Rao, D., Aagaard, K., Davidson, T. L., Levin, E. D., Slotkin, T. A., et al. (2013). Evaluation of the association between maternal smoking, childhood obesity, and metabolic disorders: A National Toxicology Program workshop review. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112, 170–180. PMID: 23232494 [top]
  9. O’Sullivan, A., Farver, M., & Smilowitz, J. T. (2015). The influence of early infant-feeding practices on the intestinal microbiome and body composition in infants. Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, 8(Suppl 1), 1–9. PMCID: PMC4686345 [top]
  10. Taveras, E. M., Gillman, M. W., Peña, M.-M., Redline, S., & Rifas-Shiman, S. L. (2014). Chronic sleep curtailment and adiposity. Pediatrics, 133, 1013–1022. PMCID: PMC4035591 [top]
  11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2015). Data and statistics: Use of medication in pregnancy. Retrieved June 3, 2016, from [top]
  12. CDC. (2016). Medications and pregnancy: Effects of medications during pregnancy. Retrieved June 3, 2016, from [top]
  13. Bloor, M., & Paech, M. (2013). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs during pregnancy and the initiation of lactation. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 116, 1063–1075. PMID: 23558845 [top]
  14. Thierry, J. M. (2006). The importance of preconception care for women with disabilities. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 10, S175–S176. PMCID: PMC1592145 [top]
  15. Center for Research on Women with Disabilities. (2012). Sexuality and reproductive health—Pregnancy and delivery. Retrieved June 3, 2016, from External Web Site Policy [top]

Other Pregnancy FAQs

Pregnancy Resources​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​