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What are some common complications of pregnancy?

Some women experience health problems during pregnancy. These complications can involve the mother's health, the fetus’s health, or both. Even women who were healthy before getting pregnant can experience complications. These complications may make the pregnancy a high-risk pregnancy.

Getting early and regular prenatal care can help decrease the risk for problems by enabling health care providers to diagnose, treat, or manage conditions before they become serious.

Some common complications of pregnancy include, but are not limited to, the following.

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Gestational Diabetes

  • Infections

  • Preeclampsia

  • Preterm Labor

  • Pregnancy Loss/Miscarriage

  • Stillbirth

  • Other Complications

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Citations

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  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2014). Preeclampsia and high blood pressure during pregnancy. FAQ034. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq034.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20120730T1500377195 External Web Site Policy [top]
  2. Leeman, L., & Fontaine, P. (2008). Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. American Family Physician, 78, 93–100. PMID: 18649616 [top]
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Births: Final data for 2014. Supplemental table I-6. National Vital Statistics Report, 64(12). Retrieved May 31, 2016, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_12_tables.pdf (PDF - 867 KB) [top]
  4. ACOG. (2013). Gestational diabetes. FAQ177. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Gestational-Diabetes External Web Site Policy [top]
  5. Hernandez-Diaz, S., Toh, S., & Cnattinguis, S. (2009). Risk of pre-eclampsia in first and subsequent pregnancies: prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal, 338, b2255. Retrieved July 31, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3269902/?tool=pubmed [top]
  6. Office on Women’s Health. (2010). Pregnancy: pregnancy complications. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from  http://www.womenshealth.gov/pregnancy/you-are-pregnant/pregnancy-complications.html [top]
  7. Meis, P. J., Klebanoff, M., Thom E., Dombrowski, M. P., Sibai, B., Moawad, A. H., et al. (2003). Prevention of recurrent preterm delivery by 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate. New England Journal of Medicine, 348, 2379–2385. PMID: 12802023 [top]
  8. ACOG. (2015). Early pregnancy loss. FAQ090. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq090.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20120801T1008319320 External Web Site Policy [top]
  9. National Organization for Rare Diseases. (2015). Hyperemesis gravidarum. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from  http://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/hyperemesis-gravidarum External Web Site Policy [top]
  10. ACOG. (2016). Routine tests during pregnancy. FAQ133. Retrieved August 29, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Routine-Tests-During-Pregnancy External Web Site Policy [top]
  11. ACOG. (2015). Nutrition during pregnancy. FAQ001. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Nutrition-During-Pregnancy External Web Site Policy [top]
  12. Allen, L. H. (2000). Anemia and iron deficiency: effects on pregnancy outcome. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(5), 1280s–1284s. Retrieved November 9, 2016, from http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/71/5/1280s.full External Web Site Policy [top]

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