Are there disorders or conditions associated with PCOS?

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at higher risk for several other health conditions, some of them serious.

Citations

  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2015). Polycystic ovary syndrome. Retrieved May 20, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Polycystic-Ovary-Syndrome-PCOS external link
  2. Ehrmann, D. A. (2005). Polycystic ovary syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine, 352(12), 1223–1236.
  3. Goodarzi, M. O., Dumesic, D. A., Chazenbalk, G., & Azziz, R. (2011). Polycystic ovary syndrome: Etiology, pathogenesis and diagnosis. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 7(4), 219–231. Retrieved August 26, 2016, from http://www.nature.com/nrendo/journal/v7/n4/full/nrendo.2010.217.html external link
  4. American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Living with diabetes: Complications. Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications external link
  5. Lorenz, L. B., & Wild, R. A. (2007). Polycystic ovarian syndrome: An evidence-based approach to evaluation and management of diabetes and cardiovascular risks for today's clinician. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 50(1), 226–243.
  6. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). 2015). What is coronary heart disease? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/coronary-heart-disease
  7. Hunter, M. H., & Sterrett, J. J. (2000). Polycystic ovary syndrome: It's not just infertility. American Family Physician, 62(5), 1079–1088, 1090.
  8. NHLBI. (2015). What is a stroke? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/stroke
  9. NHLBI. (2015). What is cardiomyopathy? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/cardiomyopathy
  10. Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS Consensus Workshop Group. (2004). Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertility & Sterility, 81(1), 19–25.
  11. ACOG. (2009; reaffirmed 2015). Polycystic ovary syndrome. Practice Bulletin 108. Washington, DC: ACOG.
  12. NHLBI. (2012). What is sleep apnea? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sleepapnea
  13. Fogel, R. B., Malhotra, A., Pillar, G., Pittman, S. D., Dunaif, A., & White, D. P. (2001). Increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 86(3), 1175–1180.
  14. Barry, J. A., Kuczmierczyk, A. R., & Hardiman, P. J. (2011). Anxiety and depression in polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Human Reproduction, 26(9), 2442–2451.
  15. Duleba, A. J., & Dokras A. (2012). Is PCOS an inflammatory process? Fertility & Sterility, 97(1), 7–12. Retrieved August 26, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3245829/
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