A health care provider diagnoses menstrual irregularities using a combination of the following:1,2,3,4,5
- Medical history
- Physical examination
- Blood tests
- Ultrasound examination
- Endometrial biopsy—a small sample of the uterus's endometrial lining is taken to be examined under a microscope
- Hysteroscopy—a diagnostic scope that allows a health care provider to examine the inside of the uterus, typically done as an outpatient procedure
- Saline infusion sonohysterography—ultrasound imaging of the uterine cavity while it is filled with sterile saline solution
- Transvaginal ultrasonography—ultrasound imaging of the pelvic organs, including the ovaries and uterus, using an ultrasound transducer that is inserted into the vagina
- Sweet, M. G., Schmidt-Dalton, T. A., Weiss, P. M., & Madsen, K. P. (2012). Evaluation and management of abnormal uterine bleeding in premenopausal women. American Family Physician, 85, 35–43.
- French, L. (2005). Dysmenorrhea. American Family Physician, 71, 285–291.
- Master-Hunter, T., & Heiman, D. L. (2006). Amenorrhea: Evaluation and treatment. American Family Physician, 73, 1374–1382.
- Apgar, B. S., Kaufman, A. H., George-Nwogu, U., & Kittendorf, A. (2007). Treatment of menorrhagia. American Family Physician, 75, 1813–1819.
- Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (2008). Current evaluation of amenorrhea. Fertility and Sterility, 90, S219–S225.