How is amenorrhea diagnosed?

A health care provider will usually ask a series of questions to begin diagnosing amenorrhea, including:1

  • How old were you when you started your period?
  • What are your menstrual cycles like? (What is the typical length of your cycle? How heavy or light are your periods?)
  • Are you sexually active?
  • Could you be pregnant?
  • Have you gained or lost weight recently?
  • How often and how much do you exercise?


  1. Master-Hunter, T., & Heiman, D. L. (2006). Amenorrhea: Evaluation and treatment. American Family Physician, 73, 1374–1382. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from external link
  2. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee on Practice Bulletins—Gynecology. (2013). Practice bulletin no. 136: Management of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with ovulatory dysfunction. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 122(1), 176–185.
  3. Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (PC-ASRM). (2008). Current evaluation of amenorrhea. Fertility and Sterility, 90, S219–225. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from
    external link (PDF 146 KB)
  4. Visser, J., de Jong, F. H., Laven, J., & Themmen, A. (2006). Anti-Mullerian hormone: A new marker for ovarian function. Reproduction, 139, 1–9. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from external link
  5. NIH. (2008). NIH research plan on Fragile X syndrome and associated disorders. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from
     (PDF 439 KB)
  6. Warren, M. P., & Fried, J. L. (2001). Hypothalamic amenorrhea. The effects of environmental stresses on the reproductive system: A central effect of the central nervous system. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America, 30, 611−629. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from external link
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