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A nurse and a female patient reading a medical booklet together in an examining room.

How is amenorrhea diagnosed?

A health care provider will usually ask a series of questions to begin diagnosing amenorrhea, including:1

  • How old were you when you started your period?
  • What are your menstrual cycles like? (What is the typical length of your cycle? How heavy or light are your periods?)
  • Are you sexually active?
  • Could you be pregnant?
  • Have you gained or lost weight recently?
  • How often and how much do you exercise?
  • Primary Amenorrhea

  • Secondary Amenorrhea

  • Other Tests You May Need

Citations

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  1. Master-Hunter, T., & Heiman, D. L. (2006). Amenorrhea: Evaluation and treatment. American Family Physician, 73, 1374–1382. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1374.html External Web Site Policy [top]
  2. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee on Practice Bulletins—Gynecology. (2013). Practice bulletin no. 136: Management of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with ovulatory dysfunction. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 122(1), 176–185. [top]
  3. Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (PC-ASRM). (2008). Current evaluation of amenorrhea. Fertility and Sterility, 90, S219–225. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.asrm.org/uploadedFiles/ASRM_Content/News_and_Publications/Practice_Guidelines
    /Educational_Bulletins/Current_evaluation(1).pdf
     External Web Site Policy (PDF - 146 KB) [top]
  4. Visser, J., de Jong, F. H., Laven, J., & Themmen, A. (2006). Anti-Mullerian hormone: A new marker for ovarian function. Reproduction, 139, 1–9. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.reproduction-online.org/content/131/1/1.long External Web Site Policy [top]
  5. NIH. (2008). NIH research plan on Fragile X syndrome and associated disorders. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/Documents
    /NIH_Research_Plan_on_Fragile_X_and_Assoc_Disorders-06-2009.pdf
     (PDF - 439 KB) [top]
  6. Warren, M. P., & Fried, J. L. (2001). Hypothalamic amenorrhea. The effects of environmental stresses on the reproductive system: A central effect of the central nervous system. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America, 30, 611−629. Retrieved May 31, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11571933 External Web Site Policy [top]

What are the symptoms of amenorrhea?

Who is at risk of amenorrhea?

What causes amenorrhea?

How is amenorrhea diagnosed?

What are the treatments for amenorrhea?