(Formerly the Partnership for Infrastructure Development in Social and Behavioral Science Research on HIV/AIDS)
The NICHD initiated the Partnerships in 1999 to strengthen social and behavioral sciences research on HIV/AIDS in developing countries. The NICHD reissued the funding announcement in 2005 and will reissue it in 2012.
Although the biological mechanisms underlying HIV/AIDS transmission are well-characterized, HIV prevalence and incidence continue to increase, demonstrating the need for improving understanding of the social and behavioral factors that contribute to HIV transmission. Research in HIV hot spots is essential for guiding the development of feasible and sustainable interventions that can be implemented locally.
Grants funded by the NICHD Population Dynamics Branch (PDB) (formerly the Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch), in partnership with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the National Institute on Aging (NIA), support Partnerships between organizations in developing and developed countries. The Partnerships enhance social and behavioral sciences research on HIV/AIDS by encouraging the development and growth of research infrastructure at institutions in developing countries, and by directly supporting research on HIV/AIDS.
Local social and behavioral scientists lead the research in developing countries in conjunction with scientists from developed countries. The scope of the initiative includes research on HIV/AIDS in developing countries in anthropology, demography, economics, psychology, sociology, and social work. Partnerships are funded through the Research-related Research Project (R24) mechanism.
Research areas of interest include (1) social and behavioral research related to HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment in local environments; (2) development of research infrastructure and research capacity; and (3) establishment or enhancement of partnerships among local investigators, public health officials, institutions, and health care providers.
Selected research topics include, but are not limited to: