A cesarean delivery, also called a C-section or cesarean birth, is the surgical delivery of a baby through a surgical cut or incision in a woman's abdomen and uterus. After the baby is removed from the womb, the uterus and abdomen are closed with stitches that later dissolve.1
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2015, 32% of births were by cesarean delivery—the lowest rate since 2007. Between 1996 and 2008, the number of cesarean deliveries increased by 72%.2
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2015). FAQ: Cesarean birth (C-section). Retrieved February 17, 2017, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Cesarean-Birth-C-Section
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Births: Final data for 2015. National Vital Statistics Reports, 66(1). Retrieved February 20, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_01.pdf (PDF 1.95 MB)
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2014; reaffirmed 2016). Safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery. Obstetric Care Consensus No. 1. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 123, 693–711. Retrieved February 28, 2017, from http://www.acog.org/Resources-And-Publications/Obstetric-Care-Consensus-Series/Safe-Prevention-of-the-Primary-Cesarean-Delivery
- Chatfield, J. (2001). ACOG issues guidelines on fetal macrosomia. American Family Physician, 64(1), 169–170.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2016). FAQ: Bleeding during pregnancy. Retrieved February 20, 2017, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Bleeding-During-Pregnancy
- Spong, C. Y., Berghella, V., Wenstrom, K. D., Mercer, B. M., & Saade, G. R. (2012). Preventing the first cesarean delivery: Summary of a joint Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Workshop. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 120(5), 1181–1193.