Yes, BV is usually curable with prescription antibiotics that can help readjust the balance of bacteria in the vagina. Although some over-the-counter vaginal medications are sold, these are not effective for curing BV. Currently, only prescribed antibiotics are effective.
Although BV can be cured, it does carry certain risks. Women with BV are at a higher risk for:
- Delivering an infant preterm (before 37 weeks of pregnancy)
- Delivering an infant with a low birth weight (generally, 5.5 pounds or less)
- More easily contracting certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including gonorrhea, herpes, and HIV/AIDS
- More easily infecting a partner with certain STDs, including HIV/AIDS
- Developing pelvic inflammatory disease