Other Turner Syndrome FAQs

Basic information for topics, such as “What is it?” is available in the About Turner syndrome section. Answers to other frequently asked questions (FAQs) specific to Turner syndrome are in this section.


  1. Morgan, T. (2007). Turner syndrome: Diagnosis and management. American Family Physician, 76, 405-410.
  2. Bodri, D., Vernaeve, V., Figueras, F., Vidal, R., Guillén, J. J., & Coll, O. (2006). Oocyte donation in patients with Turner's syndrome: A successful technique but with an accompanying high risk of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Human Reproduction, 21, 829-832.
  3. Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (2012). Increased maternal cardiovascular mortality associated with pregnancy in women with Turner syndrome. Fertility and Sterility, 97, 282-284.
  4. Bondy, C. A. (2007). Care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: A guideline of the Turner Syndrome Study Group. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 92, 10-25.
  5. Turner Syndrome Society. (n.d.). About Turner Syndrome. https://www.turnersyndrome.org/about-turnersyndrome external link.
  6. BMJ Evidence Centre. (n.d.). Best practice: Turner syndrome. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://bestpractice.bmj.com/best-practice/monograph/1106/diagnosis/step-by-step.html
  7. Turner Syndrome Society. (n.d.). Turner Topic: Patient Guide to Turner Syndrome. http://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/8fb9de_4377c0963dfc4e649e5055e68038eae6.pdf external link (PDF 706 KB)
  8. Stanford School of Medicine Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research. (n.d.). Turner syndrome. Retrieved June 26, 2012, from https://cibsr.stanford.edu/research/previous-studies/turners.html external link
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