How do healthcare providers diagnose traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Healthcare providers use different tests and measures to diagnose TBI. Often, multiple measures are used together to diagnose TBI and to map out a path for treatment and recovery. Some of these tests are described in the following sections. In addition to “neuro-checks”—a series of quick questions and tasks that help healthcare providers assess how well a TBI patient’s brain and body are working—some in-depth tests help reveal levels of injury or damage in TBI patients.

Please note: This website does not include all tests that may be used to diagnose TBI.

Citations

  1. Brain Injury Association of America. (n.d.). Diagnosing brain injury. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from https://www.biausa.org/brain-injury/about-brain-injury/diagnosis/neuroimaging external link
  2. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2020). Traumatic brain injury: Hope through research. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Hope-Through-Research/Traumatic-Brain-Injury-Hope-Through
  3. Brain Injury Association of America. (n.d.). About brain injury. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from https://www.biausa.org/brain-injury/about-brain-injury external link
  4. Brain Injury Association of America. (n.d.). Glasgow Coma Scale. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from https://www.biausa.org/brain-injury/about-brain-injury/diagnosis/assessments-in-the-hospital/glasgow-coma-scale external link
  5. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (n.d.). Traumatic brain injury. Retrieved March 20, 2020, from https://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Traumatic-Brain-Injury/ external link
  6. Food and Drug Administration. (2018). FDA authorizes marketing of first blood test to aid in the evaluation of concussion in adults. Retrieved March 21, 2020, from https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-authorizes-marketing-first-blood-test-aid-evaluation-concussion-adults
  7. National Institutes of Health. (2017). Biomarker in blood may help predict recovery time for sports concussions. Retrieved March 21, 2020, from https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/biomarker-blood-may-help-predict-recovery-time-sports-concussions

 

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