What causes birth defects?

Different birth defects have different causes, and the causes of many birth defects remain unknown.

A specific condition might be caused by one or more of the following primary problems:1


  1. American Academy of Pediatrics. (2015). Congenital abnormalities. Retrieved April 21, 2017, from https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/developmental-disabilities/Pages/Congenital-Abnormalities.aspx
  2. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2013; reaffirmed 2016). Committee Opinion 575: Exposure to toxic environmental agents. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from https://www.acog.org/Resources-And-Publications/Committee-Opinions/Committee-on-Health-Care-for-Underserved-Women/Exposure-to-Toxic-Environmental-Agents
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