Graphic: Silhouette of a child in profile, with an illustration of the brain.
TBI is an injury caused by a blow, jolt, or penetrating object that disrupts normal functioning of the brain.
1.7 million people in the United States sustain a TBI each year; of those, 50,000 die and more than 250,000 are hospitalized.
TBI can be mild to severe.
Graphic: An illustration of a gauge or meter, with the needle leaning toward the right.
Severe TBI can lead to permanent disability and even death.
75% of brain injuries are mild (not life-threatening). Concussion is a type of mild TBI.
All types of TBI can seriously affect a child’s daily life.
Graphic: Silhouettes of children in profile, each containing an icon representing different brain functions that can be affected by TBI: Dialog bubbles representing speech, left and right arrows representing movement and mobility, gears representing thinking and memory, and a smiley face and a frowning face representing personality or mood.
Brain injury can cause problems with speaking or understanding, movement or mobility, thinking or memory, and personality or mood.
The leading causes of TBI in the U.S. are
Graphic: Illustration of a person falling.
55% of brain injuries in children are caused by falls from objects like stairs and bicycles.
Unintentional blunt trauma
Graphic: Illustration of a ball hitting a child in the head.
24% of brain injuries in children are caused by being hit in the head with an object, like a baseball or soccer ball.
Motor vehicle crashes
Graphic: An illustration of a car being struck by something.
Car accidents are the number one cause of TBI-related death in children older than age 5.
Graphic: A child in silhouette, sitting on the ground with her head down.
Assault (e.g., physical abuse) is the number one cause of TBI-related death in children age four and younger.
Take the following actions to reduce the risk of TBI in children.
Graphic: Illustration of a child wearing a seat belt.
Use a child safety seat or a seat belt when the child is in a motor vehicle.
Graphic: Illustration of a child riding a bicycle and wearing a helmet.
Make sure the child wears a helmet when riding a bicycle, skateboarding, and playing sports like hockey and football.
Graphic: An illustration of a baby on hands and knees, with a gate behind him.
Install window guards and stair safety gates at home.
Graphic: Illustration of an adult holding a baby in the air.
Avoid shaking your baby. Learn how to prevent shaken baby syndrome https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Shaken-Baby-Syndrome-Information-Page.
Graphic: Logo of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Links to www.hhs.gov
Graphic: Logo of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. Links to https://www.nichd.nih.gov/Pages/index.aspx
Graphic: Follow Us on Twitter .
Graphic: Join Us on Facebook .
Graphic: Visit Us on Pinterest .
Graphic: Visit Us on Flickr .
Back to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in Kids: Causes and Prevention Strategies infographic.