Infographic: Does your child struggle with Math?

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Infographic: Math Learning Disability

Dyscalculia could be the reason.

What is dyscalculia?

Dyscalculia (dis-kal-KYOO-lee-uh) is not as well known as dyslexia, but both are learning disabilities.

Dyscalculia = Math

Causes trouble with

  • Understanding arithmetic (numbers) concepts and solving arithmetic problems
  • Estimating time, measuring, and budgeting

Also called a Math Learning Disability

Dyslexia = Written language

Causes trouble with

  • Spelling
  • Understanding written sentences
  • Recognizing printed words seen before

Also called a Reading Disability

How many people have dyscalculia?

More than 20 million people
Boys are slightly more likely to have dyscalculia than girls

What are the risk factors for dyscalculia?

By age 4

Has trouble

  • Listing numbers in correct order
  • Matching number words or written digits to number of objects
  • Counting objects

Age 6–12

Has regular and lasting trouble

  • Performing addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division appropriate to grade level
  • Recognizing math errors

  • Age 12+

Has trouble

  • Estimating (informed guessing)
  • Making exact calculations
  • Understanding graphs and charts
  • Understanding fractions and decimals

How can adults reduce the risk of dyscalculia in young children?

Show the child that numbers are a normal part of everyday life.

  • Mention numbers to your child while doing everyday activities—like grocery shopping or setting the table.
  • Count out loud and show the child both the written number word ("three") and digit ("3").
  • Count actual objects the child can see.
  • Compare objects in everyday conversation using words that describe size or amount.

 

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