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Three condoms, with birth control pills and other forms of contraception in the background.

​​ ​​How effective is contraception?

Different methods of contraception have diffe​rent rates of effectiveness in preventing pregnancy.

Contraception is most effective when used correctly and consistently. The failure rate increases if a method of contraception is used incorrectly or inconsistently.

Only male and female condoms are effective at reducing the spread of STDs.

For details about the effectiveness of specific methods of contraception, as well as potential side effects and risks, visit the website of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office on Women’s Health.1​​


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  1. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women’s Health. (2012). Birth control methods fact sheet. Retrieved February 23, 2016, from [top]

What are the different types of contraception?

How effective is contraception?

Can contraception reduce the risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?