Highlights in NICHD History: Text Alternative


Photograph of members of the first NICHD council.

Public Law 87-838 authorized the establishment of NICHD in 1962, and the first National Advisory Child Health and Human Development (NACHHD) Council was held on November 14, 1963.

Read more about NICHD during the 1960s.


Newborn screening.

Congress passed the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Act of 1974, directing NICHD to take the lead in SIDS research. NICHD-funded researchers also developed the first test to screen for congenital hypothyroidism from a drop of infant's blood.

Read more about NICHD during the 1970s.


Government warning label.

Research conducted by NICHD and other researchers led the U.S. Surgeon General to issue the warning now seen on alcoholic beverages that informs consumers of the risks of drinking alcohol during pregnancy. NICHD also formed two research networks—the Neonatal Intensive Care Units and the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units.

Read more about NICHD during the 1980s.


Stock image of a patient receiving a prosthetic device.

Using brain imaging technology, NICHD-funded researchers identified the brain regions underlying dyslexia. In addition, the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research was established within NICHD to conduct and support programs for the rehabilitation, health, and well-being of people with physical disabilities.

Read more about NICHD during the 1990s.


Stock image of women.

NICHD is renamed the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to honor Mrs. Shriver's role in the establishment of the institute. NICHD's Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences Study also found no lifelong association between oral contraception use and a higher risk of breast cancer.

Read more about NICHD during the 2000s.


Stock image of a group of children.

The Infant Brain Imaging Study, funded through the Autism Centers of Excellence program, finds that patterns of brain development in the first 2 years of life are distinct in children who are later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. NICHD also launches DS-Connect®: The Down Syndrome Registry and the Human Placenta Project.

Read more about NICHD during the 2010s.


Pregnant woman outside wearing a mask.

As the world changes rapidly to deal with COVID-19, NICHD staff and researchers remain committed to advancing health by bolstering efforts to reduce maternal death and illness, leading a trans-NIH initiative to study Down syndrome, and conducting and supporting critical research on COVID-19 in priority populations.

Read more about NICHD during the 2020s.

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