Information for Healthcare Providers

Icon of a bathroom scale. Obesity—a BMI of 30 or higher—is the most common healthcare issue in women of reproductive age, affecting 36.5% of women ages 20 to 39. Footnote 2.You and the pregnant women you care for share common goals: a healthy pregnancy, a safe delivery, and a healthy baby. To achieve these goals, you need to work together with pregnant women.

Obesity—having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher—is one of the most common health issues in U.S. women of reproductive age,1 affecting 36.5% of women ages 20 to 39.2 Evidence shows that obesity is associated with increased risk of health complications during pregnancy and after delivery. Research also notes several potential effects on women, fetuses, and, in the long term, children.1

Working together means empowering pregnant women by framing BMI as just one factor in a healthy pregnancy, and by educating them about using BMI and other risk classifications to develop individual healthy pregnancy plans.

Pregnancy for Every Body aims to help providers and pregnant women work toward these common goals.

Icon of the outline of a pregnant woman’s torso in profile.

Risks Associated with Obesity During Pregnancy

A pre-pregnancy BMI at or above 30 increases the risk for several health issues, including:

Risks during delivery

Obesity may increase the risk of:

  • Longer labor
  • Cesarean delivery
  • Inflammation of the lining of the uterus (endometritis)
  • Rupture of delivery-related wounds
  • Venous thrombosis
  • Potentially dangerous problems related to anesthesia

Long-term risks to children

Children born to mothers who were obese during pregnancy are at higher risk for:

Icon of the outline of a pregnant woman’s torso in profile.

How Can I Provide the Best Care to Pregnant Women with Obesity?

Pregnancy for Every Body collaborated with the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and other provider groups to gather resources and recommendations on providing prenatal care to women with obesity. Check out the following resources to learn more about caring for plus-size pregnant women.

Citations

  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2015). ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 156: Obesity in pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 126(6), e112–e126. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000001211
  2. Hales, C. M., Carroll, M. D., Fryar, C. D., & Ogden, C. L. (2017). Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2015–2016. Retrieved April 1, 2019, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db288.htm
  3. Robinson, S.L., Ghassabian, A., Sundaram, R., Trinh, M.H., Lin, T.C., Bell, E.M., & Yeung, E. (2020). Parental weight status and offspring behavioral problems and psychiatric symptoms. The Journal of Pediatrics. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.01.016
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