Pediatric injuries (or traumas) are quite diverse in their origins, severity, and effects on children. One way to understand injuries is by their most common causes, which are1,2,3:
For more information on the causes of injuries in children, see the section What causes pediatric injury? or visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Safe Child website.
Children who have severe or life-threatening injuries need critical care. These children may be admitted to pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in hospitals, where they receive critical care. These units are staffed by physicians with specialized training in pediatric critical care medicine ("pediatric intensivists"). Because children can experience a broad range of injury type, severity, and complexity, and because injuries can affect multiple organ systems, PICUs are staffed by and consult with many types of specialized health care providers. These include physicians, including those trained in pediatric emergency care, pediatric trauma surgeons, pediatric anesthesiologists, cardiologists, neurologists, and others. PICUs are also staffed by pediatric nurses, social workers, psychologists, and others who help guide recovery efforts for injured children and their families.4
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