Many children have difficulty with reading, writing, or other learning-related tasks at some point, but this does not mean they have learning disabilities. A child with a learning disability often has several related signs, and these persist over time. The signs of learning disabilities vary from person to person. Common signs that a person may have learning disabilities include the following:
A child with a learning disability also may exhibit one or more of the following2:
These signs alone are not enough to determine that a person has a learning disability. A professional assessment is necessary to diagnose a learning disability.
Each learning disability has its own signs. Also, not every person with a particular disability will have all of the signs of that disability.
Children being taught in a second language that they are learning sometimes act in ways that are similar to the behaviors of someone with a learning disability. For this reason, learning disability assessment must take into account whether a student is bilingual or a second language learner.
Below are some common learning disabilities and the signs associated with them:
People with dyslexia usually have trouble making the connections between letters and sounds and with spelling and recognizing words.3
People with dyslexia often show other signs of the condition. These may include4,5:
Dysgraphia is characterized by problems with writing. This disorder may cause a child to be tense and awkward when holding a pen or pencil, even to the extent of contorting his or her body. A child with very poor handwriting that he or she does not outgrow may have dysgraphia.6
Other signs of this condition may include 6:
Signs of this disability include problems understanding basic arithmetic concepts, such as fractions, number lines, and positive and negative numbers.
Other symptoms may include7:
A person with dyspraxia has problems with motor tasks, such as hand-eye coordination, that can interfere with learning.
Some other symptoms of this condition include7:
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