HIV is spread only in certain ways and you cannot get it through everyday contact. You can reduce your risk if you:
Unlike many other infections, like measles and polio, there is not yet a vaccine for HIV.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has more general information about how to prevent the spread of HIV.
Without any interventions, a newborn is at high risk of getting HIV from its infected mother. Specifically:
Prevention strategies can reduce this risk to less than 2%. If you are a pregnant woman concerned about HIV, experts recommend that you:
The NICHD is heavily involved in finding ways to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Read about the research advances in this area through the links on the Publications and Resources page.
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