On April 26, 2009, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Declared a Public Health Emergency for H1N1 Flu (previously called swine flu). Communities around the world are on alert and are taking measures to protect people from illness caused by infection with this particular type of influenza virus or flu.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and other agencies and organizations are working to provide the most current and accurate information about preventing and treating H1N1 flu. In general, flu prevention involves a vaccine against a particular flu virus. Anti-viral medications are also used to treat and sometimes prevent symptoms of the flu. However, not all vaccines or anti-virals are approved for use in all groups of people.
The NICHD supports and conducts research on some of our more vulnerable community members, including: infants; children; women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding; and people with disabilities. Information about flu prevention and treatments for these populations is not always easy to find. Therefore the NICHD has compiled the following resources and information related to these populations.
The CDC has issued the following information about the use of vaccines and anti-viral medications for preventing and treating H1N1 flu:
In addition, the CDC offers the following information related to preventing and treating H1N1 flu in special groups.
This information should not be considered a substitute for a health care provider’s advice. Your health care provider is in the best position to provide specific health recommendations for you and your family.
The CDC and other agencies also provide information about the H1N1 flu on their Web sites:
Seasonal flu refers to common flu viruses that typically emerge between November/December and March/April, which is known as “flu season.” For certain groups, vaccine and medication use for preventing/treating seasonal flu differs from vaccine and medication use specific to H1N1 flu.
The following information applies to seasonal flu vaccines and seasonal flu medications for infants and children, and for women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
For the most complete and accurate information about H1N1 flu, please visit http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/.
Originally Posted: May 1, 2009
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