Intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs), including ASD, are a primary focus of the NICHD's research support. ASDs are a set of related conditions with a range of symptoms affecting behavior, interpersonal interactions, and learning.
As a founding member of the NIH Autism Coordinating Committee and a participant in the Department of Health and Human Services Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee, the NICHD is one of many federal entities supporting ASD research. The NICHD's portfolio covers a variety of topics in autism, including autism etiology, epidemiology, treatment, and screening. The institute also supports professional training and the development of research infrastructure that will facilitate research in ASD and other IDDs.