March 10-11, 2011

Workshop Organizers


  • *Barbara Cohn, Ph.D.—Public Health Institute
  • *Esther Duflo, Ph.D.—Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Patricia M. Flynn, M.D.—St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital


Infectious agents, toxic exposures, injury/trauma, poverty, and a wide range of other social/environmental exposures are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality for mothers and children worldwide; they also contribute to adverse outcomes for persons with disabilities and are important factors in rehabilitation. Better understanding the processes by which these environmental factors influence health outcomes is critical to enhancing preventive interventions for all populations, including those of interest to the NICHD.

As examples, discussions of this theme could include:

  • Understanding infectious agents, particularly as they affect children and pregnant women, including improved understanding of developmental immunology and contributing mechanisms at various molecular and cellular levels as they affect disease processes, recovery, reducing disability, and maintaining functional outcomes for persons with disabilities
  • Identifying toxic exposures of particular importance to the health and development of children, and determining the strategies that may be most effective in preventing or ameliorating such exposures and their effects
  • Identifying the best ways to translate and implement findings considering a wide range of biological, social, and behavioral factors in a variety of clinical, community, and other settings
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Last Reviewed: 05/23/2011