Skip Navigation
Print Page


Skip sharing on social media links
Share this:
  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Practice Bulletin: Clinical management guidelines for obstetricians-gynecologists. Number 30, September 2001. Obstetrics and Gynecology 98(3):525-38, 2001.
  2. American Diabetes Association: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (Position Statement). Diabetes Care 26 (Suppl 1): S103-S105, 2003.
  3. Metzger BE, Coustan DR (Eds.): Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop- Conference on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care 21(Suppl. 2): B1-B167, 1998.
  4. Adapted from Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans (Fifth Edition). U.S. Department of Agriculture/U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. Government Printing Office; Washington, DC: 2000.
  5. American Diabetes Association: Evidence-Based Nutrition Principles and Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Diabetes and Related Complications (Position Statement). Diabetes Care 26(Suppl. 1): S51-S61, 2003.
  6. Jovanovic-Peterson L, and Peterson C: Is Exercise Safe or Useful for Gestational Diabetes Women? Diabetes 40 (Suppl. 2): 179-181, 1991.
  7. Exercise During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period. ACOG Technical Bulletin No. 189:1-4, 1994.
  8. Brown JE: Nutrition and Pregnancy: A Complete Guide from Preconception to Postdelivery. Los Angeles, CA: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, 1998.
  9. Gabbe SG, Neibyl JR, and Simpson JL (Eds.): Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies (Third Edition). New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone, 1996.
  10. Nutrition During Pregnancy. ACOG Patient Education Publication AP001. Washington,  DC: ACOG, 1995.
  11. Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High  Blood Pressure: The Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention,  Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. The Archives of  Internal Medicine 157: 2413-2446, 1997.
  12. Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus: Report of  the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus.  Diabetes Care 26 (Suppl. 1): S5-S20, 2003.
  13. MacNeill S, Dodds L, Hamilton DC, Armson BA,VandenHof M: Rates and Risk Factors  for Recurrence of Gestational Diabetes. Diabetes Care 24:659-662, 2001.
  14. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2002. USDA National  Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 15.Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page,

The NICHD would like to acknowledge Steve Gabbe, M.D., for his contributions to this booklet. The image on page 6 was provided by Tina Williams Photography.

Portions of this booklet are based on a manuscript by Deborah Thomas-Dobersen, R.D., M.S.

first | previous | last

Last Reviewed: 09/11/2006
Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology