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Video Text Alternative: Stress, Health, and Work-Life Balance: An Inside the NICHD Video

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To view the original video, please go to http://www.nichd.nih.gov/news/resources/spotlight/Pages/111815-QA-King.aspx

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Stress, Health, and Work-Life Balance: An Inside the NICHD Interview NIH/Eunice Kennedy ShriverNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development logo
 
Camera view of Dr. Rosalind King.

Banner Text: Rosalind King, Ph.D. Population Dynamics Branch, NICHD
Dr. Rosalind King: The Work, Family, and Health Network is a research network that’s conducting a project to try to improve the ability of parents to handle their work and family demands with the idea that they’ll have better outcomes for their children and the rest of their families back at home.
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Still image of a family, including a man, woman, young girl, and a young boy in a stroller.
Dr. King: One thing that often happens to adults who are trying to balance their home lives and their work lives …
Dr. King on camera. Banner Text: Work-Family ConflictDr. King: … is they experience work–family conflict, where what’s going on at work hinders their …
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Still image of a mother holding her baby, groceries, and purse while trying to unlock her car door.
Dr. King: … ability to take care of their children, which then has negative effects on their children’s lives. One of the motivating forces for …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: … this project was that there is an existing body of research on work–family conflict that—both in the American context and in the European context—that show a range of negative health outcomes when workers are experiencing high levels of work–family conflict. Work–family conflict has been shown to be associated with …
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Animation with a cigarette, a glass of alcohol, an illustration of the heart and major blood vessels, and a man with eyes closed leaning on a pillow appearing in turn.
Dr. King: … substance use, both smoking and alcohol. It’s also been shown to be associated with various cardiovascular issues, such as high blood pressure, and it’s also been linked to poor sleep. And work–family conflict is also linked to …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: … parents’ ability to have time and energy to parent their children.
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Logo of the Work, Family & Health Network.
Dr. King: The goal of the network is to change the way work is conducted in …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: … a range of workplaces, to improve the health of workers and their families while also maintaining the health of the organization.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera. Banner Text: Schedule ControlDr. King: The first component is giving people schedule control. This works differently in the two industries that we looked at. The one industry is a white-collar headquarters, and ...
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Still image of a smiling man at a computer.
Dr. King: … in that context, it’s a lot about flexible hours and telework.
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Video of a professional caretaker pushing a man in a wheelchair.
Dr. King: The other context is a long-term care facility, where there are a lot more constraints on when and where work can be done, but in that worksite, …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: … we were really focused on advance notice of schedules and allowing the workers themselves to swap around their schedules.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera. Banner Text: Family-Supportive Supervisor BehaviorsDr. King: The next aspect of the intervention was focused on supervisor support. And we also wanted a different workplace as well.
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Video of a grocery store manager interacting with her employee.
Dr. King: So, for that part of the intervention, they were working in a grocery store chain, and they were training managers …
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Video of a close-up of a person’s hand as they fill out a form.
Dr. King: … on how to be supportive of their employees.
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: What we found in that pilot phase was that we did have all the pieces of the model that we wanted to build, that managerial style was having measurable health impacts on their workers, that giving people more schedule control …
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Still image of a father and son lifting weights together.
Dr. King: … did result in their improved health behaviors. People were reporting sleeping more; …
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Still image of mother and daughter reading a book together.
Dr. King: … they were reporting more time with their children. We found that, yes, giving supervisors …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: … training in how to be supportive of their workers lowered the workers’ experiences of work–family conflict.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: The next step now is to show that making that change has measurable outcomes on health for both the worker and their family and the workplace. So that’s what we’re in the process of publishing now.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: Several findings have been published on the topic of sleep—which is of great interest to most people—looking at both quality of sleep and duration of sleep.
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Still image of a woman sleeping.
Dr. King: And what we’ve shown is that participating in the intervention has …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: … measurable effects on the employees’ own sleep quality and sleep duration.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: We’re also publishing articles that show that the intervention …
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Still image of a father gently placing his hand on his sleeping child’s arm.
Dr. King: … has effects on the sleep of children of parents who are in the intervention.
Dr. King on camera. Banner Text: 8 More Minutes of Sleep Per DayDr. King: In terms of the employees’ own sleep, the effect averages out to about 8 minutes a day, which is over an hour a week and is actually comparable to what’s been found in clinical studies of medications to assist people in sleeping.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: More sleep on the part of parents is good for kids, because parents can do a better job parenting when they’re well-rested, but it’s also extremely important for children.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: The network also has economists who are looking …
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Still image of a three-dimensional bar graph.
Dr. King: … at the return on investment of this kind of intervention, so they’re looking at the costs involved in doing …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: … this kind of intervention, and then they are able to put prices on the various health outcomes, and they’re showing that it’s cost-effective to do this kind of project.
(Edit/camera cut) Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: The reason that NICHD and our funding partners were interested in this research is that children’s lives fundamentally depend on their parents. Children are being raised in homes by …
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Video of a family with two school-aged children doing a child-oriented activity together.
Dr. King: adults, and it’s very likely that most children will be living in a home where any and all available adults are in the workplace. The goal of this program is …
Dr. King on camera.Dr. King: to conduct an intervention to improve parents’ experience of work–family conflict, which will then enhance both their health and the health of their children.
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