Basic information for topics, such as “What is it?” and “How many people are affected?” is available in the Condition Information section. In addition, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) that are specific to a certain topic are answered in this section.
The NICHD supports and conducts health research; it does not provide services or support for services. Instead, the Institute’s research informs the practices that health care providers and rehabilitation professionals use in rehab and therapy settings. The NICHD has compiled a list of Resources on TBI (PDF - 48 KB) that may be of assistance in finding TBI rehabilitation services and support.
A person who has a TBI may develop a number of symptoms in the days or weeks after the head injury. Symptoms vary and may include:
Many patients with mild TBI suffer from post-concussive syndrome (PCS), and approximately 40% of all TBI patients develop it. PCS is more common among people who had a psychiatric problem, such as depression or anxiety, before suffering a TBI.l
Treatment for PCS may include:
People who have suffered a TBI may have a greater risk for developing several health problems. These include cognitive disabilities and mood disorders such as anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.3 Read more about NICHD research on depression and TBI.
Research also suggests that TBI is associated with conditions that cause the breakdown of brain cells, such as:
If a person’s mobility is affected by TBI, he or she may develop obesity, high blood pressure, pressure sores, and other secondary problems.5
Secondary conditions can impair a person's recovery from TBI, and should be treated to promote the person's overall health and quality of life.
Some research has been done on the effectiveness of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM), such as acupuncture, for treating some of the effects of TBI. The Brain Injury Association of America reports that some research indicated benefits from acupuncture and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (which involves breathing pure oxygen), especially when given very soon after severe TBI. However, many studies on CAM therapies for TBI are small or otherwise limited, so more research is necessary to prove or disprove the usefulness of such treatments for TBI.6
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