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What are some types of and treatments for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?

Approximately 20 different infections are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. Although NICHD does study STIs, their prevention, and their effects on pregnancy and long-term health, the Institute is not the lead agency aiming to understand STIs. For more complete information about STIs, you may want to visit http://www.cdc.gov/std/default.htm or https://www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases.

Here are descriptions of some common STIs.

  • Chlamydia

  • Gonorrhea

  • Genital Herpes

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

  • Syphilis

  • Bacterial Vaginosis

  • Trichomoniasis

  • Viral Hepatitis

  • Zika

Citations

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  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Chlamydia – CDC fact sheet. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm [top]
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Gonorrhea – CDC fact sheet. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/STDFact-gonorrhea.htm [top]
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). HIV transmission. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/transmission.html [top]
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Genital herpes – CDC fact sheet. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/STDFact-Herpes.htm [top]
  5. Xu, F., Sternberg, M. R., Kottiri, B. J., McQuillan, G. M., Lee, F. K., Nahmias, A. J., et al. (2006). Trends in herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 seroprevalence in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association, 296(8), 964–973. [top]
  6. Marquez, L., Levy, M. L., Munoz, F. M., & Palazzi, D. L. (2011). A report of three cases and review of intrauterine herpes simplex virus infection. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 30, 153–157. [top]
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). About HIV/AIDS. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/whatishiv.html [top]
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Genital HPV infection – CDC fact sheet. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm [top]
  9. Petrosky, E., Bocchini, J. A. Jr., Hariri, S., Chesson, H., Curtis, C. R., Saraiya, M., et al. (2015). Use of 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine: Updated HPV vaccination recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 64(11), 300–304. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6411a3.htm [top]
  10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Syphilis – CDC fact sheet (detailed). Retrieved December 24, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/syphilis/stdfact-syphilis-detailed.htm  [top]
  11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Sexually transmitted disease surveillance 2014. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats14/surv-2014-print.pdf (PDF – 4.84 MB) [top]
  12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Congenital syphilis – CDC fact sheet. Retrieved December 24, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/syphilis/stdfact-congenital-syphilis.htm [top]
  13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Bacterial vaginosis – CDC fact sheet. Retrieved December 24, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/bv/STDFact-Bacterial-Vaginosis.htm [top]
  14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Trichomoniasis – CDC fact sheet. Retrieved December 24, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/STDFact-Trichomoniasis.htm [top]
  15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). 2015sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines: Trichomoniasis. Retrieved December 30, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/trichomoniasis.htm [top]
  16. Klebanoff, M. A., Carey, J. C., Hauth, J. C., Hillier, S. L., Nugent, R. P., Thom, E. A., et al.; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Network of Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units. (2001). Failure of metronidazole to prevent preterm delivery among pregnant women with asymptomatic Trichomonas vaginalis infection. New England Journal of Medicine, 345, 487–493. [top]
  17. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Hepatitis A questions and answers for the public. Retrieved December 24, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/afaq.htm [top]
  18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). 2015sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines: Viral hepatitis. Retrieved December 30, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/hepatitis.htm [top]
  19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Hepatitis B FAQs for the public. Retrieved December 24, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hbv/bfaq.htm [top]
  20. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Hepatitis C FAQs for the public. Retrieved December 24, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hcv/cfaq.htm [top]

How many people are affected by or at risk for a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI)?

What are the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?

What causes sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?

Why are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) of particular concern for pregnant women?

What are some types of and treatments for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?

How do health care providers diagnose a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI)?

Is there a cure for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?

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