Neuroscience: NICHD Research Goals

The NICHD supports and conducts research in the neurosciences, particularly as they affect developing systems and rehabilitation. NICHD research involving neuroscience includes molecular, genetic, cellular, systems, and behavioral studies at the basic, translational, and clinical levels.

Within this context, the Institute has primary responsibility to support projects related to maternal and child health and human development, reproduction, developmental biology, clinical nutrition, perinatal and infant morbidity and mortality, intellectual and developmental disabilities, pediatric and maternal HIV/AIDS, and rehabilitation.

In particular, the NICHD supports neuroscience-related research on:

  • Infant and child nervous system development
  • Intellectual and developmental disabilities
  • Drugs for neuropharmacological and psychopharmacological treatment of children and of women during pregnancy
  • Neurologic and psychiatric complications of HIV/AIDS in women and children
  • Maternal neurologic and psychiatric health and their effects on pregnancy and infant outcomes as well as fetal and infant neurologic health
  • Neuroendocrine control of reproduction and fertility
  • Rehabilitation and management of chronically injured nervous and musculoskeletal systems

For more information, including project areas and funding opportunities, visit the Neuroscience Research Support at the NICHD website.

The Institute’s intramural Divisions conduct neuroscience-related research on a range of topics, including genetic disorders, birth defects, neural imaging, and neuronal development, fertility and infertility, and other topics. For more information about the types of neuroscience research that the Institute conducts through its Division of Intramural Research, visit For information about Division of Intramural Population Health Research efforts in neuroscience, visit

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