Child Development and Behavior Branch (CDBB)
The Branch develops scientific initiatives and supports research and research training relevant to the psychological, psychobiological, language, behavioral, and educational development of children. Read a 2009 report (PDF - 1.28 MB) about Branch activities.
Reading, Writing, and Related Learning Disabilities Program
This NICHD program, supported by the CDBB, focuses on research and training initiatives intended to increase understanding of both normal and atypical development of reading and writing skills throughout the life course. This research focus is complemented by the Early Learning and School Readiness and the Language, Bilingualism, and Biliteracy research Programs.
Learning Disabilities Research Centers (LDRC) Consortium
The NICHD funds several sites to conduct research on the causes and developmental course of learning disabilities. Learn more about LDRC topic areas and sites.
NICHD’s Learning Disabilities Innovation Hubs (LD Hubs)
The LD Hubs support studies on the causes, signs, and treatments of learning disabilities that affect reading, writing, and mathematics, with special focus on understudied topics and populations. Among the current four Hubs, one studies math learning disabilities, two expressly investigate factors related to both reading and math learning disabilities, and the fourth focuses on the under-represented population of African American children learning to read who speak a non-mainstream English dialect.
National Reading Panel
In response to a congressional request, in 1997, the NICHD and the U.S. Department of Education created the National Reading Panel to review the scientific evidence on reading and identify the most effective ways to teach children to read. The Panel’s report noted that children who received explicit instruction in specific components of reading were more successful readers than those who did not receive such instruction. View a list of publications from the National Reading Panel, including its final reports.
National Early Literacy Panel (NELP)
NELP was convened in 2002 to conduct a synthesis of the research on the development of early literacy skills in children ages 0 to 5. The NICHD and several other public and private organizations synthesized research to contribute to decisions in educational policy and to help determine how teachers and families could support young children’s language development. Read the panel’s report.
Institute of Education Sciences (IES)
An initiative of the U.S. Department of Education, IES provides the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC), a central source of scientific evidence for what works in education. The WWC Evidence Review Protocol for Beginning Reading Interventions focuses on reading interventions for students in grades K-3 intended to increase skills in alphabetics, reading fluency, comprehension, or general reading achievement. Read the Beginning Reading Interventions report.
International Dyslexia Association (IDA)
IDA is a scientific and educational organization dedicated to the study and treatment of dyslexia and related language-based learning differences. It offers practice standards and information about effective programs.
- Read the association’s Knowledge and Practice Standards for Teachers of Reading (PDF - 412 KB)
- Learn more about the IDA’s Matrix of Multisensory Structured Language Programs (PDF - 253 KB)
Please note: Links to organizations and information included on this page do not indicate endorsement from the NICHD, NIH, or HHS.