Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch (PPB)
This Branch seeks to improve the health of mothers and children by supporting research in several areas related to pregnancy, including labor and delivery.
- The PPB supports the
Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) Network, which focuses on clinical questions in maternal-fetal medicine and obstetrics, particularly with respect to the continuing problem of preterm birth. The MFMU Network comprises 14 centers across the United States that use genetics, translational research, and evaluation of new technologies to reduce rates of preterm birth, fetal growth abnormalities, neurologic sequelae of the newborn, and maternal complications of pregnancy.
- The PPB also houses the
Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research, a partnership committed to improving maternal and infant health outcomes and building health research capacity in resource-poor settings by testing cost-effective, sustainable interventions.
Obstetric and Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics Branch (OPPTB)
The OPPTB (formerly called the Obstetric and Pediatric Pharmacology Branch) supports research with the goal of increasing the knowledge base for understanding how to appropriately treat disease during pregnancy, infancy, and childhood using pharmaceuticals that are appropriately tested within their target populations.
Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch (MPIDB)
- The MPIDB supports and conducts a wide range of domestic and international research related to the epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, transmission, treatment, and prevention of HIV infection and its associated infectious complications (such as tuberculosis, malaria, and hepatitis) and non-infectious complications in pregnant and non-pregnant women, infants, children, adolescents, and the family unit as a whole.
- The MPIDB supports the
International Maternal, Pediatric, Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network, a cooperative group of institutions, investigators, and other collaborators focused on evaluating potential therapies for HIV infection and its related symptoms in infants, children, adolescents, and pregnant women, including clinical trials of HIV/AIDS interventions for and prevention of mother-to-child transmission.
Population Dynamics Branch (PDB)
The PDB (formerly called the Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch) supports and conducts research on demography, reproductive health, and population health. Read the PDB’s
2007 Report to the NACHHD Council (PDF – 724 KB).
DIPHR supports and conducts research to identify critical data gaps and designs research initiatives to answer etiologic questions or to evaluate interventions aimed at modifying behavior related to public health. The
Consortium on Safe Labor within the DIPHR’s
Epidemiology Branch was an observational study whose goals were to explore the underlying causes of the high cesarean rate in the U.S. population; describe contemporary labor progression at the national level; and determine when is the most appropriate time to perform a cesarean delivery in women with labor protraction and arrest.
Program in Perinatal Research and Obstetrics (PPRO)
The PPRO, within the DIR, conducts clinical and laboratory research on maternal and fetal diseases responsible for excessive infant mortality in the United States. The PPRO focuses on the mechanisms of disease responsible for premature labor and delivery with particular emphasis on the role of subclinical intrauterine infection and inflammation. The prenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies is also a major area of interest.
The NCMHEP provides a forum for reviewing, translating, and disseminating new research in the field of maternal and child health. The program currently has two initiatives related to labor and delivery:
preterm labor and birth topic for resources specific to preterm labor and delivery.
Please note: Links to organizations and information included on this page do not indicate endorsement from the NICHD, the NIH, or HHS.