Breastfeeding and Breast Milk: For Researchers and Health Care Providers
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- Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM)
The ABM is an international organization of physicians who promote, protect, and support breastfeeding and human lactation. The academy publishes the journal Breastfeeding Medicine, maintains a calendar of events, and issues protocols and statements. Read the ABM’s position statement on breastfeeding.
- American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
The AAP is a membership organization of 60,000 pediatricians. The AAP issues policy statements, clinical reports, technical reports, and practice guidelines on a broad range of topics.
- American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)
ACOG is a nonprofit organization of women’s health care physicians advocating women’s health issues)
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Read more about medication safety during pregnancy at the FDA Medicine and Pregnancy page. The FDA’s Pregnancy Registries aim to help scientists and health care providers learn more about medication safety during pregnancy.
- Healthy People 2020
As a part of the Healthy People 2020 initiative, the national goal is to increase the proportion of mothers who breastfeed their babies in the early postpartum period to more than 80 percent by the year 2020. Read about specific goals.
- National Library of Medicine Toxicology Data Network (Toxnet)
Toxnet maintains the Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed), a peer-reviewed, referenced resource database of drugs that breastfeeding mothers may have encountered.
- Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding (PDF - 1.96 MB)
This 2011 document describes specific steps people can take to participate in a society-wide approach to support mothers and babies who are breastfeeding.
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)
In 2008, the USPSTF issued recommendations regarding interventions during pregnancy and after birth to promote and support breastfeeding. Read the recommendations.
- U.S. Breastfeeding Committee
The committee is an independent, nonprofit coalition of more than 40 nationally influential professional, educational, and governmental organizations that work collaboratively to protect, promote, and support breastfeeding. The committee maintains information about organizations that offer breastfeeding training and education. It also has issued position statements on obesity prevention, feeding in emergencies, and workplace accommodations.
- Guide for Establishing a Federal Nursing Mother’s Program (PDF - 1 MB)
The U.S. Office of Personnel Management released this guide in January 2013 as a response to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which revised the Fair Labor Standards Act to require that employers provide time and space for breastfeeding mothers.
- Infant Feeding During Disasters
This page from the Office of Human Services Emergency Preparedness and Response outlines barriers to and benefits of breastfeeding during a disaster and how responders can help.
- The CDC Guide to Strategies to Support Breastfeeding Mothers and Babies
This guide provides information to help state and local community members support breastfeeding mothers and babies.
Specific Documents of Interest
Please note: Links to organizations and information included on this page do not indicate endorsement from the NICHD, NIH, or HHS.
Last Updated Date: 06/17/2014
Last Reviewed Date: 12/19/2013