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Are there disorders or conditions associated with PCOS?

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at higher risk for several other health conditions, some of them serious.

  • Insulin Resistance

  • Metabolic Syndrome

  • Type 2 Diabetes

  • Obesity

  • Heart Disease and High Blood Pressure (Cardiovascular Disease)

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

  • Mood Disorders

  • Inflammation

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Citations

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  1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2015). Polycystic ovary syndrome. Retrieved May 20, 2016, from http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Polycystic-Ovary-Syndrome-PCOS External Web Site Policy[top]
  2. Ehrmann, D. A. (2005). Polycystic ovary syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine, 352(12), 1223–1236. [top]
  3. Goodarzi, M. O., Dumesic, D. A., Chazenbalk, G., & Azziz, R. (2011). Polycystic ovary syndrome: Etiology, pathogenesis and diagnosis. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 7(4), 219–231. Retrieved August 26, 2016, from http://www.nature.com/nrendo/journal/v7/n4/full/nrendo.2010.217.html External Web Site Policy [top]
  4. American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Living with diabetes: Complications. Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications External Web Site Policy [top]
  5. Lorenz, L. B., & Wild, R. A. (2007). Polycystic ovarian syndrome: An evidence-based approach to evaluation and management of diabetes and cardiovascular risks for today’s clinician. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 50(1), 226–243. [top]
  6. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). 2015). What is coronary heart disease? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad [top]
  7. Hunter, M. H., & Sterrett, J. J. (2000). Polycystic ovary syndrome: It’s not just infertility. American Family Physician, 62(5), 1079–1088, 1090. [top]
  8. NHLBI. (2015). What is a stroke? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/stroke [top]
  9. NHLBI. (2015). What is cardiomyopathy? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cm [top]
  10. Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS Consensus Workshop Group. (2004). Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertility & Sterility, 81(1), 19–25. [top]
  11. ACOG. (2009; reaffirmed 2015). Polycystic ovary syndrome. Practice Bulletin 108. Washington, DC: ACOG.[top]
  12. NHLBI. (2012). What is sleep apnea? Retrieved May 23, 2016, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sleepapnea [top]
  13. Fogel, R. B., Malhotra, A., Pillar, G., Pittman, S. D., Dunaif, A., & White, D. P. (2001). Increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 86(3), 1175–1180. [top]
  14. Barry, J. A., Kuczmierczyk, A. R., & Hardiman, P. J. (2011). Anxiety and depression in polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Human Reproduction, 26(9), 2442–2451. [top]
  15. Duleba, A. J., & Dokras A. (2012). Is PCOS an inflammatory process? Fertility & Sterility, 97(1), 7–12. Retrieved August 26, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3245829/ [top]

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