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Steps Involved in Clinical Research Efforts

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Regardless of the specific type of clinical research, all clinical studies follow similar steps for defining the concept, developing the protocol, conducting the study, analyzing study data, and every step in between.

The diagram below defines the steps in a typical clinical research process for a project that seeks NIH funding and provides references and resources related to each step. The sequence of steps may vary depending on the specifics of the study. Select a step to learn more about it.

Develop the study concept

Secure funding for the study

Prepare a protocol for the study

Protect participants (ethical and regulatory compliance)

Develop and implement the study

Conduct and monitor the study

Close the study

Analyze study data and interpret the results

Communicate the results

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Last Reviewed: 01/31/2008
Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology