Stefanie N. Hinkle, Ph.D.

October 2015

General Information

Other name: Stefanie N. Hood
Current position: Staff Scientist
Epidemiology Branch, Division Intramural Population Health Research
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Office address: 6100 Executive Blvd., Room 7B03
Bethesda, MD 20852
Phone: (301) 594-1261
Email: hinklesn@mail.nih.gov
ORCID: 0000-0003-4312-708X

Education

2012Ph.D. Nutrition and Health Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Thesis: “Infant and child outcomes associated with maternal nutritional status: an examination of prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain”
2006B.S. Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA

Postdoctoral Training

2012-2015 Postdoctoral Intramural Research Training Award (IRTA) Fellow, Epidemiology Branch, Division Intramural Population Health Research, NIHCD, NIH, Bethesda, MD

Areas of Specialization

Nutritional and perinatal epidemiology.

Professional Positions

2005-2006Research Assistant, Department of Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA
2006-2008Research Associate II, HbA1c Enzymatic Assay Team, Research and Development, Diazyme Laboratories, General Atomics, Poway, CA
2010-2012 ORISE Fellow, Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA
2012-2015 Postdoctoral Fellow, Epidemiology Branch, Division Intramural Population Health Research, NIHCD, NIH, Bethesda, MD
2015-presentStaff Scientist, Epidemiology Branch, Division Intramural Population Health Research, NIHCD, NIH, Bethesda, MD

Awards & Honors

2007 Employee of the Year, Diazyme Laboratories, Poway, CA.
2008-2012 Division Scholar Fellow, Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University Atlanta, GA.
2009 1st Place Poster Presentation, Student Research Symposium, Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
2010 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort Data Training Fellowship, U.S. Department of Education, Washington, DC.
2011 2nd Place Student Oral Presentation, Georgia Nutrition Council, Athens, GA.
2011 Nominee for the CDC Award for Excellence in Epidemiology for Work on the Obesity and Diabetes in Pregnancy Program, Atlanta, GA.
2012 Donald B. McCormick Annual Award for Research Contributions to the Field of Nutrition, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
2012 2nd Place Nutritional Epidemiology Research Interest Group Student Research Competition, American Society for Nutrition, San Diego, CA.
2012 Travel Award, Student Interest Group, American Society for Nutrition, San Diego, CA.
2013 Student-Postdoc Travel Scholarship, Society for Epidemiologic Research, Boston, MA.
2013 Fellows Award for Research Excellence (FARE), NIH, Bethesda, MD.
2014 Nominee for the CDC William H. Dietz  Nutrition Award for excellence in improving public health through nutrition, Atlanta, GA.

Teaching

2006 Teaching Assistant. Course: Cell and Molecular Biology. University of California, Division of Physical and Biological Sciences, Santa Cruz, CA.
2009 Teaching Assistant. Course: Global Elimination of Micronutrient Malnutrition. Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA.
2012-2013 Guest lecturer. Course: Basic Nutrition. Lecture: Introduction to Maternal and Child Nutrition. George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC.
2013 Co- lecturer. Course: Studies in Child Health & Human Development: Theory, Design and Methods. Lecture:Causal Inference and Directed Acyclic Graphs. Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, NICHD, NIH, Rockville, MD.
2014 Guest lecturer. Course: Nutrition Sciences. Lecture: Fetal Programming: Maternal nutritional status and the impact on child health. George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC.
2014 Guest lecturer. Course: NICHD Postbac Course: “Becoming an Effective Scientist”. Lecture: Selection bias and how it can lead you astray in epidemiological studies. NICHD, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

Mentoring

2013 Katheryne L. Downes, MPH; Co-mentor, supervised doctoral student summer internship.
2013-2014 Alicia M. Johns, BS; Co-mentor, supervised post-baccalaureate fellowship. Poster selected as a top NICHD poster at annual NIH Post-bac research day.

Professional Activities & Service

Affiliation to Professional Organizations

2012-present American Society for Nutrition
2010-present Society for Epidemiologic Research
2010-present Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology

Ad Hoc Journal Reviewer

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
American Journal of Epidemiology
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
BMC Pediatrics
Diabetologia
Epidemiology
Fertility and Sterility
International Journal of Obesity
JAMA
JAMA Pediatrics
Journal of Nutrition
Obesity
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Pediatric Obesity
PLOS One
Statistics in Medicine

Service

2009-2012 Program Representative, Division Students Advisory Council, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
2012-present Abstract reviewer, Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER).
2012-present Abstract reviewer, Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology (SPER).
2013 Poster judge, Women's Health Congress, Washington, DC
2014 Abstract judge, NIH Fellows Award for Research Excellence (FARE) Competition, Bethesda, MD
2014 Poster judge, NIH Postbac Poster Day, Bethesda, MD.
2014 Awards Committee, Epidemiology Congress of the Americas.

Professional Development

2009 Teaching Assistant Training and Teaching Opportunity, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
2012 Media Training, Oratorio Media and Presentation Training, Washington DC.
2013 Scientists Teaching Science: An introduction to best practices in science education, NIH, Bethesda, MD.
2013 Research Mentor Training, NIH, Bethesda, MD.
2013 Management in the Scientific and Academic Environment, NIH, Bethesda, MD.
2014 Coordinator for the Division of Intramural Population Health Research summer course, “Studies in Child Health & Human Development: Theory, Design and Methods.” NICHD, NIH, Bethesda, MD.
2014 Teaching College in the 21st Century, NIH, Bethesda, MD.
2014 Epidemiologic Methods Journal Club Coordinator. NICHD, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

Abstracts, Conference Presentations, & Symposia

Invited Talks & Seminars

  1. Hood SN, Yuan C. Novel enzyme technologies and their clinical applications: enzymatic assays for HbA1c and homocysteine. Oral presentation for the Chinese Medical Association Seventh National Conference of Laboratory Medicine, Jinan, Shandong, China, May 2008.
  2. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Dietz PM. Gestational weight gain among obese mothers and associations with fetal growth. Poster presentation for the 27th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Obesity Society, Washington, DC, October 2009.
  3. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Kim SY, Park S, Dalenius K, Brindley P, Grummer-Strawn L. Prepregnancy obesity trends among low-income U.S. women, 1999 to 2008. Oral presentation for the Georgia Nutrition Council, Athens, GA, February 2011.
  4. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Schieve LA, Ramakrishnan U, Swan DW, Stein AD. Comparison of gestational weight gain reporting from two sources in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 2011.
  5. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Kim SY, Park S, Dalenius K, Brindley P, Grummer-Strawn L. Prepregnancy obesity trends among low-income U.S. women. Poster presentation for the 3rd North American Congress on Epidemiology, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 2011.
  6. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Swan DW, Schieve LA, Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD. Gestational weight gain and child adiposity measured at 5 years of age: differential effects by maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index status. Oral presentation for the American Society for Nutrition, FASEB, San Diego, CA, April 2012.
  7. Hinkle SN, Schieve LA, Stein AD, Swan DW, Ramakrishnan U, Sharma AJ. Associations between maternal prepregnancy body mass index and child neurodevelopment at 2 years of age. Platform presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Minneapolis, MN, June 2012.
  8. Boghossian NS, Yeung E, Mendola P, Laughon SK, Hinkle SN, Zhang C, Albert PS. Changes in diabetes status between pregnancies and impact on newborn outcomes. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Boston, MA, June 2013.
  9. Boghossian NS, Yeung E, Mendola P, Laughon SK, Hinkle SN, Zhang C, Albert PS. Recurrence of gestational hypertensive disorders and impact on newborn outcomes. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Boston, MA, June 2013.
  10. Sjaarda, LA, Laughon SK, Mumford SL, Hinkle SN, Mendola P, Albert PS. Large-for-gestational-age birthweight: Does customization improve detection of adverse outcomes? Platform presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Boston, MA, June 2013.
  11. Hinkle SN, Laughon SK, Sjaarda LA, Mendola P, Yeung E, Boghossian NS, Albert PS. The association between parity and birthweight in a longitudinal consecutive pregnancy cohort. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Boston, MA, June 2013.
  12. Boghossian NS, Yeung E, Mendola P, Laughon SK, Hinkle SN, Zhang C, Albert PS. Recurrence of hypertensive disorders and subsequent fetal growth restriction. Platform presentation for the 2nd International Conference on Fetal Growth, Baltimore, MD, September 2013.
  13. Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Hinkle SN, Mumford SL, Laughon SK. Assessing variance assumptions in the customization of birthweight percentiles. Platform presentation at the 2nd International Conference on Fetal Growth, Baltimore, MD, September 2013.
  14. Hinkle SN, Albert PS, Mendola P, Sjaarda LA, Boghossian NS, Yeung E, Laughon SK. Differences in risk factors for recurrent and incident small-for-gestational-age among parous women. Platform presentation for the 2nd International Conference on Fetal Growth, Baltimore, MD, September 2013.
  15. Downes K, Hinkle SN, Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Laughon SK. Prelabor and intrapartum cesarean delivery and subsequent risk of placenta previa. Poster presentation for the Poster presentation for The Pregnancy Meeting, 34th Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, New Orleans, LA, February 2014.
  16. Hinkle SN, Johns AM, Kim S, Albert PS, Grantz KL. Longitudinal changes in maternal weight gain and intrauterine fetal growth. Oral presentation for the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  17. Grantz KL, Hinkle SN, Mendola P, Sjaarda LA, Leishear K, Albert PS. Differences in risk factors for recurrent versus incident preterm delivery. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and oral presentation at the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  18. Grantz KL, Gonzalez-Quintero VH, Troendle J, Reddy UM, Hinkle SN, Kominiarek M, Zhang J. Labor patterns in women attempting vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) from the Consortium on Safe Labor Study. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  19. Hinkle SN, Albert PS, Sjaarda LA, Grewal J, Grantz KL. The association between trajectories of gestational weight gain and child IQ at 5 years of age. Platform presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and poster presentation at the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  20. Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Hinkle SN, Mumford SL, Laughon SK. Customized variance for determining customized birthweight percentiles. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  21. Jo H, Schieve LA, Sharma AJ, Hinkle SN, Li R, Lind JN. Associations between Maternal Prepregnancy Body Mass Index and Child Psychosocial Development at 6 Years of Age. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  22. Deputy NP, Sharma AJ, Kim SY, Hinkle SN. Prevalence of adequate gestational weight gain according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine Guidelines. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  23. Hinkle SN, Boghossian NS, Sjaarda LA, Ye A, Grantz KL, Schisterman EF. Causal Diagrams of Total Gestational Weight Gain and the Utility of Weight-Gain-for-Gestational-Age Z-score. Poster presentation for the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Seattle, WA, June 2014.
  24. Grantz KL, Hinkle SN, Johns AM, Kim S, Albert PS. Longitudinal changes in maternal weight gain and intrauterine fetal growth. Platform presentation for the 3rd International Conference on Fetal Growth, Oxford, UK, September 2014.
  25. Grantz KL, Sundaram R, Hinkle SN, Berghella V, Hoffman MK, Lu Z, Reddy UM. Reassessing duration of the second stage of labor. Oral concurrent presentation for The Pregnancy Meeting, 35th Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, San Diego, CA, February 2015.
  26. Hinkle SN, Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Mendola P, Grantz KL. Does high prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) mask increased risk for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birthweight and associated perinatal mortality? Poster presentation for The Pregnancy Meeting, 35th Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, San Diego, CA, February 2015.
  27. Lu YL, Kalwerisky RA, Perkins N, Mumford SL, Sjaarda LA, Hinkle SN, Schisterman EF. Filling knowledge gaps to enhance research: Librarian wearing different hats at different research stages. Poster presentation for The Medical Library Association Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, May, 2015.
  28. Kim SS, Zhu Y, Grantz KL, Hinkle SN, Chen Z, Wallace M, Smarr MM, Epps NM, Mendola P. Does low risk obesity exist in pregnancy? Poster presentation for the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Denver, CO, June 2015.
  29. Hinkle SN, Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Mendola P, Grantz KL. Perinatal mortality associated with three classifications of small-for-gestational age varies by maternal body mass index. Poster presentation for the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Denver, CO, June 2015.
  30. Epps NM, Wallace M, Mendola P, Chen Z, Smarr M, Hinkle SN, Zhu Y, Kim SS, Grantz KL. Racial Differences in Preterm Neonatal Outcomes. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Denver, CO, June 2015.
  31. Grantz KL, Sundaram R, Hinkle SN, Berghella V, Hoffman MK, Ma L, Lu Z, Reddy UM . Reassessing Duration of the Second Stage of Labor. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Denver, CO, June 2015.
  32. Hinkle SN, Mumford SL, Schisterman EF, Mitchell EM, Sjaarda LA, Schliep KC, Perkins NJ, Radin RG, Silver RM, Lesher LL, Townsend JM, Lynch AM, Wactawski-Wende J, Galai N, Faraggi D, Grantz KL. Pregnancy Loss Associated with First Trimester Nausea and Vomiting. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER), Denver, CO, June 2015.
  33. Mitchel EM, Hinkle SN, Schisterman EF. Untangling time among preterm predictors: a survival approach to preterm delivery. Poster presentation for the Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research (SPER) and the Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER), Denver, CO, June 2015.

Publications

Peer-reviewed journal articles

  1. Liu L, Hood SN, Wang Y, Bezverkov R, Dou C, Datta A, Yuan C. Direct enzymatic assay for %HbA1c in human whole blood samples. Clinical Biochemistry. 2008 May; 41(7-8):576-583. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2008.01.013.
  2. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Dietz PM. Gestational weight gain in obese mothers and associations with fetal growth. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2010 Sep;92(3):644-651. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2010.29726.
  3. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Kim SY, Park S, Dalenius K, Brindley P, Grummer-Strawn L. Prepregnancy obesity trends among low-income women, United States, 1999-2008. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2012 Oct;16(7):1339-1348. doi: 10.1007/s10995-011-0898-2.
  4. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Swan DW, Schieve LA, Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD. Excess gestational weight gain is associated with child adiposity among mothers with normal and overweight prepregnancy weight status. Journal of Nutrition. 2012 Oct; 142: 1851–1858.
  5. Hinkle SN, Schieve LA, Stein AD, Swan DW, Ramakrishnan U, Sharma AJ. Associations between maternal prepregnancy body mass index and child neurodevelopment at 2 years of age. International Journal of Obesity. 2012 Oct; 36(10):1312-9. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.143.
  6. Hinkle SN, Albert PS, Mendola P, Sjaarda LA, Yeung E, Boghossian NS, Laughon SK. The association between parity and birthweight in a longitudinal consecutive pregnancy cohort. Peadiatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 2014 Mar;28(2):106-15. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12099.
  7. Boghossian NS, Yeung E, Albert PS, Mendola P, Laughon SK, Hinkle SN, Zhang C. Changes in diabetes status between pregnancies and impact on subsequent newborn outcomes. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2013 Dec; pii: S0002-9378(13)02237-0. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2013.12.026.
  8. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Schieve LA, Ramakrishnan U, Swan DW, Stein AD. Reliability of gestational weight gain reported postpartum: a comparison to the birth certificate. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2013 May;17(4):756-65. doi: 10.1007/s10995-012-1057-0.
  9. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Kim SY, Schieve LA. Maternal prepregnancy weight status and associations with children's development at kindergarten. International Journal of Obesity. 2013 Oct; 37(10):1344-51. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2013.128.
  10. Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Mumford SL, Hinkle SN, Mendola P, Laughon SK. Customized large-for-gestational-age birthweight at term and the association with adverse perinatal outcomes. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2014 Jan; 210(1):63.e1-63.e11. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2013.09.006.
  11. Hinkle SN, Albert PS, Mendola P, Sjaarda LA, Boghossian NS, Yeung E, Laughon SK. Differences in risk factors for incident and recurrent small-for-gestational-age birthweight: a hospital-based cohort study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2014 Aug; 121(9):1080-1089. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.12628.
  12. Parikh L, Reddy U, Männistö T, Mendola P, Sjaarda LA, Hinkle SN, Lu Z, Chen Z, Laughon SK. Neonatal outcomes in early term births. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2014 Mar; pii: S0002-9378(14)00226-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.03.021.
  13. Hinkle SN, Laughon SK, Catov J, Olsen J, Bech BH. First trimester coffee and tea intake and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a study within a national birth cohort. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2015 Feb;122(3):420-8. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.12930.
  14. Boghossian NS, Yeung E, Mendola P, Hinkle SN, Laughon SK, Zhang C, Albert PS. Risk factors differ between recurrent and incident preeclampsia. Annals of Epidemiology. 2014 Dec;24(12):871-7e3. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.10.003.
  15. Schliep KC, Mumford SL, Ahrens KA, Hotaling JM, Carrell DT, Link M, Hinkle SN, Kissell K, Porucznik CA, Hammoud AO. The effect of male and female body mass index on pregnancy and live birth success after in vitro fertilization. Fertility and Sterility. 2015 Feb;103(2):388-95. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.10.048.
  16. Downes KL, Hinkle SN, Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Grantz KL. Prior Prelabor or Intrapartum Cesarean Delivery and Risk of Placenta Previa. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2015 Jan. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2015.01.004 (epub ahead of print).
  17. Deputy NP, Sharma AJ, Kim SY, Hinkle SN. Prevalence and characteristics associated with gestational weight gain adequacy. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2015 Apr; 125(4):773-81. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000000739.
  18. Grantz KL, Hinkle SN, Mendola P, Sjaarda LA, Leishear K, Albert PS. Differences in risk factors for recurrent versus incident preterm delivery. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2015 Jul 15;182(2):157-67. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwv032.
  19. Jo H, Schieve LA, Sharma AJ, Hinkle SN, Li R, Lind JN. Associations between maternal prepregnancy body mass index and child psychosocial development at 6 years of age. Pediatrics. 2015 May;135(5):e1198-209. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-3058.
  20. Grantz KL, Gonzalez-Quintero V, Troendle J, Reddy UM, Hinkle SN, Kominiarek MA, Lu Z, Zhang J. Labor patterns in women attempting vaginal birth after cesarean with normal neonatal outcomes. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2015 Aug;213(2):226.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2015.04.033.
  21. Hinkle SN, Johns AM, Albert PS, Kim S, Grantz KL. Longitudinal changes in gestational weight gain and the association with intrauterine fetal growth. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. 2015 Jul;190:41-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2015.04.006.
  22. Mitchell EM, Hinkle SN, Schisterman EF. It's About Time: A survival approach to gestational weight gain and preterm delivery. Epidemiology. (In press).

Book Chapters

  1. Sharma AJ, Hinkle SN. How does the mother's nutritional status during pregnancy contribute to or prevent the development of obesity. In Curbside Consultation in Pediatric Obesity: 49 Clinical Questions. Edited by Jeannie Huang, 2014.

Manuscripts Under Peer Review

  1. Hinkle SN, Albert PS, Sjaarda LA, Grewal J, Grantz KL. Trajectories of maternal gestational weight gain and child cognition assessed at 5 years of age in a prospective cohort study.
  2. Hinkle SN, Mitchell EM, Grantz KL, Ye A, Schisterman EF. Maternal weight gain during pregnancy: Comparing methods to address bias due to length of gestation in epidemiological studies.
  3. Hinkle SN, Sjaarda LA, Albert PS, Mendola M, Grantz KL. Identifying small-for-gestational-age infants among obese mothers.
  4. Kim SS, Zhu Y, Grantz KL, Hinkle SN, Chen Z, Wallace M, Smarr MM, Epps NM, Mendola P. Healthy obesity - does it exist in pregnancy?