Curriculum Vitae

Aiyi Liu, PhD

Senior Investigator and Acting Chief Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Branch
Division of Intramural Population Health Research (DIPHR)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
6710B Rockledge Dr., Room 3230, Bethesda, MD 20817

Telephones (301) 435-6952 (office)     (301) 825-2245 (cell)


Training & Certificates

Academic/Research Appointments

Membership in Professional Societies

American Statistical Association, International Biometric Society (ENAR), International Chinese Statistical Association, International Indian Statistical Association, International Statistical Institute, Institute of Mathematical Statistics, and Korean International Statistical Society

Honors and Awards

Professional Service

Research Interest

Teaching and Mentoring

Services at NIH

Invited Presentations

Contributed Presentations

Collaborative Research Prior to NIH

Major Collaborative Research at DIPHR, NICHD

Peer-Reviewed Research Articles

  1. Liu A. On the best estimation of variance in linear models. Mathematical Statistics and Applied Probability 1988;3:232-236.
  2. Wang S, Liu A. Relative efficiency of two-stage estimators. Acta Mathematica Sinica 1989;32:42-54.
  3. Liu A, Wang S. A new relative efficiency of least squares estimates in linear models. Chinese Journal of Applied Probability and Statistics 1989;5:97-104.
  4. Liu A, Wang, S. Biased estimators for the parameters of a class of related regression system. Chinese Journal of Applied Probability and Statistics 1991;7:266-274.
  5. Liu A. An improvement of principal components estimator for seemingly unrelated regression equations. Mathematical Statistics and Applied Probability 1993;8:70-75.
  6. Liu A. An efficient estimation of seemingly unrelated multivariate regression models with application to growth curves analysis. Statistica Sinica 1993;3:421-434. [] External Web Site Policy
  7. Liu A. Selection of covariates and estimation of parameters in growth curve models. Acta Mathematica Sinica 1994;37:362-372.
  8. Liu A. Estimation of the parameters in two linear models with only some of the parameter vectors identical. Statistics and Probability Letters 1996;29(4):369-375. [DOI: 10.1016/0167-7152(95)00193-X]
  9. Liu A. On the maximum likelihood estimate for the drift of Brownian motion following a symmetric sequential probability ratio test. Communications in Statistics---Theory and Methods 1997;26(4):977-989. [DOI: 10.1080/03610929708831962]
  10. Liu A. Detecting influential covariates in a growth curve model. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 1998;28(1):105-113. [DOI: 10.1016/S0167-9473(98)00023-1]
  11. Liu A, Hall WJ. Minimum variance unbiased estimation of the drift of Brownian motion with linear stopping boundaries. Sequential Analysis 1998;17(1):91-107. [DOI: 10.1080/07474949808836399]
  12. Liu A, Hall WJ. Unbiased estimation following a group sequential test. Biometrika 1999;86:71-78. [; External Web Site Policy DOI: External Web Site Policy ]
  13. Gajjar A, Fouladi M, Walter AW, Thompson SJ, Reardon DA, Merchant TE, Jenkins JJ, Liu A, Boyett JM, Kun LE, Heideman RL. Comparison of lumbar and shunt cerebrospinal fluid specimens for cytologic detection of leptomeningeal disease in pediatric patients with brain tumors. Journal of Clinical Oncology 1999;17(6):1825-1828. [DOI: 10.1200/JCO.1999.17.6.1825; PMID: 10561221]
  14. Fouladi M, Gajjar A, Boyett JM, Walter AW, Thompson SJ, Merchant TE, Jenkins JJ, Langston JW, Liu A, Kun LE, Heideman RL. Comparison of CSF cytology and spinal magnetic resonance imaging in the detection of leptomeningeal disease in pediatric medulloblastoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Journal of Clinical Oncology 1999;17(10):3234-3237. [DOI: 10.1200/JCO.1999.17.10.3234; PMID: 10506624]
  15. Liu A, Boyett JM, Xiong X. Sample size calculation for planning group sequential longitudinal trials. Statistics in Medicine 2000;19(2):205-220. [PMID: 10641025]
  16. Liu A, Tan M, Boyett JM, Xiong X. Testing secondary hypotheses following sequential clinical trials. Biometrics 2000;56(2):640-644. [PMID: 10877329]
  17. Liu A. Maximum likelihood estimate following sequential probability ratio tests. Sequential Analysis 2000;19(1-2):63-75. [DOI: 10.1080/07474940008836440]
  18. Ringwald-Smith K, Hale G, Williams R, Ludwig M, Thompson A, Bowman L, Shochat S, Liu A, Barkley C. Comparison of two different low-profile gastrostomy enteral feeding devices in pediatric oncology patients. Nutrition and Clinical Practice 2000;15(4):189-192. [DOI: 10.1177/088453360001500407]
  19. Hayes AJ, Huang WQ, Yu J, Maisonpierre PC, Liu A, Kern FG, Lippman ME, McLeskey SW, Li LY. Expression and function of angiopoietin-1 in breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer 2000;83(9):1154-1160. [DOI: 10.1054/bjoc.2000.1437; PMID: 11027428]
  20. Pedrosa F, Bonilla M, Liu A, Smith K, Davis D, Ribeiro RC, Wilimas JA. Effect of malnutrition at the time of diagnosis on the survival of children treated for cancer in El Salvador and northern Brazil. Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 2000;22(6):502- 505. [PMID: 11132216]
  21. Liu A, Hall WJ. Unbiased estimation of secondary parameters following a sequential test. Biometrika 2000;88:895-900. [; External Web Site Policy DOI:]
  22. Liu A, Shih WJ, Gehan E. Sample size and power determination for clustered repeated measurements. Statistics in Medicine 2002;21(12):1787-1801. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.1154; PMID: 12111912]
  23. Liu A. Efficient estimation of two seemingly unrelated regression equations. Journal of Multivariate Analysis 2002;82(2):445-456. [DOI: 10.1006/jmva.2001.2026]
  24. Liu A, Zhang Y, Gehan E, Clarke R. Block principal component analysis with application to gene microarray data classification. Statistics in Medicine 2002;21(22):3465-3474. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.1263; PMID: 12407684]
  25. Hall WJ, Liu A. Sequential tests and estimates after overrunning based on maximum- likelihood ordering. Biometrika 2002;89:699-70.
  26. Poola I, Abraham J, Liu A. Estrogen receptor beta splice variant mRNAs are differentially altered during breast carcinogenesis. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 2002;82(2-3):169-179. [PMID: 12477483]
  27. Lerman C, Roth D, Kaufmann V, Audrain J, Hawk L, Liu A, Niaura R, Epstein L. Mediating mechanisms for the impact of bupropion in smoking cessation treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2002;67(2):219-223. [PMID: 12095672]
  28. Gu Z, Lee RY, Skaar TC, Bouker KB, Welch JN, Lu J, Liu A, Zhu Y, Davis N, Leonessa F, Brünner N, Wang Y, Clarke R. Association of interferon regulatory Factor-1, Nucleophosmin, nuclear Factor-kB, and cyclic AMP response element binding with acquired resistance to Faslodex (ICI 182,780). Cancer Research 2002;62(12):3428-3437. [PMID: 12067985]
  29. Ellis M, Davis N, Coop A, Liu M, Schumaker L, Lee RY, Srikanchana R, Russell CG, Singh B, Miller WR, Stearns V, Pennanen M, Tsangaris T, Gallagher A, Liu A, Zwart A, Hayes DF, Lippman ME, Wang Y, Clarke R. Development and validation of a method for using breast core needle biopsies for gene expression microarray analyses. Clinical Cancer Research 2002;8(5):1155-1166. [PMID: 12006532]
  30. Wong LJ, Wong H, Liu A. Intergenerational transmission of pathogenic heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA. Genetics in Medicine 2002;4(2):78-83. [DOI: 10.109700125817- 200203000-00005; PMID: 11882784]
  31. Liu A. A simple low-bias estimate following a sequential test with linear boundaries. In: Crossing Boundaries: Statistical Essays in Honor of Jack Hall, IMS Monograph Series, Kolassa J and Oakes D, Editors, 2003; p 47-58. [] External Web Site Policy
  32. Mazumdar M, Liu A. Group sequential design for comparative diagnostic accuracy studies. Statistics in Medicine 2003;22(5):727-739. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.1386; PMID: 12587102]
  33. Liu A, Schisterman EF. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of biomarkers with pooled assessments. Biometrical Journal 2003;45(5):631-644. [DOI: 10.1002/bimj.200390038]
  34. Liu A, Troendle JF, Yu KF, Yuan VW. Conditional maximum likelihood estimation following a group sequential test. Biometrical Journal 2004;46(6):760-768. [DOI: 10.1002/bimj.200410076]
  35. Liu A, Schisterman EF, Teoh E. Sample size and power calculation in comparing diagnostic accuracy of biomarkers with pooled assessments. Journal of Applied Statistics 2004;31(1):49-59. [DOI: 10.1080/0266476032000148948]
  36. Blancato J, Singh B, Liu A, Liao DJ, Dickson RB. Correlation of amplification and overexpression of the c-myc oncogene in high-grade breast cancer: FISH, in situ hybridisation, and immunohistochemical analyses. British Journal of Cancer 2004;90(8):1612-1619. [DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6601703; PMID: 15083194; PMCID: PMC2409705]
  37. Dimitrakakis C, Jones RA, Liu A, Bondy CA. Breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal women using testosterone in addition to usual hormone therapy. Menopause 2004;11(5):531-535. [PMID: 15356405]
  38. Liu A, Schisterman EF, Zhu Y. On linear combinations of biomarkers to improve diagnostic accuracy. Statistics in Medicine 2005;24(1):37-47. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.1922; PMID: 15515132]
  39. Liu A, Wu C, Yu KF, Gehan E. Supplementary analysis of probabilities at the termination of a group sequential phase II trial. Statistics in Medicine 2005;24(7):1009-1027. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.1990; PMID: 15565737]
  40. Troendle JF, Liu A, Wu C, Yu KF. Sequential testing for efficiency in clinical trials with non-transient effects. Statistics in Medicine 2005;24(21):3239-3250. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.2194; PMID: 16206248]
  41. Liu A, Schisterman EF, Mazumdar M, Hu J. Power and sample size calculation of comparative diagnostic accuracy studies with multiple correlated test results. Biometrical Journal 2005;47(2):140-150. [PMID: 16389911]
  42. Liu A, Schisterman EF, Wu C. Nonparametric estimation and hypothesis testing on the partial area under receiver operating characteristic curves. Communications in Statistics--- Theory and Methods 2005;34(9-10):2077-2088. [DOI: 10.1080/03610920500203786]
  43. Guo HY, Liu A. A simple and efficient bias-reduced estimator of response probability following a group sequential phase II trial. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics 2005;15(5):773–781. [DOI: 10.1081/BIP-200067771; PMID: 16078384]
  44. Schisterman EF, Perkins NJ, Liu A, Bondell H. Optimal cut-point and its corresponding Youden index to discriminate individuals using pooled blood samples. Epidemiology 2005;16(1):73-81. [PMID: 15613948]
  45. Wu C, Liu A, Yu KF. Estimating secondary parameters after termination of a multivariate group sequential test. In Contemporary Multivariate Analysis and Experimental Designs-In Celebration of Professor Kai-Tai Fang's 65th Birthday, 2005; pp. 369-383. Fan J, Li G, Editors. The World Scientific Publisher.
  46. Poola I, Fuqua SA, DeWitty RL, Abraham J, Marshallack JJ, Liu A. Estrogen receptor alpha- negative breast cancer tissues express significant level of estrogen-independent transcription factors, ERß1 and ERß5: potential molecular targets for chemoprevention. Clinical Cancer Research 2005;11(20):7579-7585. [DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05- 0728; PMID: 16243834]
  47. Louis GB, Dukic V, Heagerty PJ, Louis TA, Lynch CD, Ryan LM, Schisterman EF, Trumble A; Pregnancy Modeling Working Group (Klebanoff M, Liu A, Yu K, Collins J, Olsen G). Analysis of repeated pregnancy outcomes. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2006;15(2):103-126. [DOI: 10.1191/0962280206sm434oa; PMID: 16615652]
  48. Zhu Y, Singh B, Hewitt S, Liu A, Gomez B, Wang A, Clarke R. Expression patterns among interferon regulatory factor-1, human X-box binding protein-1, nuclear factor kappa B, nucleophosmin, estrogen receptor-alpha and progesterone receptor proteins in breast cancer tissue microarrays. International Journal of Oncology 2006;28(1):67-76. [PMID: 16327981]
  49. Liu A, Hall WJ, Yu KF, Wu CQ. Estimation following a group sequential test for distributions in the one-parameter exponential family. Statistica Sinica 2006;16(1):165-181. [] External Web Site Policy
  50. Liu A, Schisterman EF, Wu C. Multistage evaluation of measurement error in a reliability study. Biometrics2006;62(4):1190–1196. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0420.2006.00572.x; PMID: 17156294]
  51. Schisterman EF, Vexler A, Whitcomb BW, Liu A. The limitations due to exposure detection limits for regression models. American Journal of Epidemiology 2006;163(4):374-383. [DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwj039; PMID: 16394206; PMCID: PMC1408541]
  52. Vexler A, Liu A, Schisterman EF, Wu C. Note on distribution-free estimation of maximum linear separation of two multivariate distributions. Journal of Nonparametric Statistics 2006;18(2):145-158. [DOI: 10.1080/10485250600662260]
  53. Mumford SL, Schisterman EF, Vexler A, Liu A. Pooling biospecimens and limits of detection: Effects on ROC curve analysis. Biostatistics2006;7(4):585-598. [DOI: 10.1093/biostatistics/kxj027; PMID: 16531470]
  54. Vexler A, Liu A, Schisterman EF. Efficient design and analysis of biospecimens with measurements subject to detection limit. Biometrical Journal 2006;48(5):780-791. [PMID: 17094343]
  55. Liu A, Wu C, Yu KF. Incorporating overrunning data into the analysis of both primary and secondary endpoints in a sequential trial. In Random Walk, Sequential Analysis and Related Topics-A Festschrift in Honor of Yuan-Shih Chow. Ying ZL, Zhang CH Editors. The World Scientific Publisher: New Jersey, 2006; pp. 56-68. [DOI: 10.1142/9789812772558_0004]
  56. Liu A, Wu CQ, Yu KF, Yuan, V. Estimation following a multivariate group sequential test. Journal of Multivariate Analysis 2007;98:505-516.
  57. Wu C, Liu A. An adaptive approach for bivariate phase II clinical trial designs. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2007;28(4):482-486. [DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2007.01.005; PMID: 17303476]
  58. Liu A, Wu C, Fai FY, Yuan W. Completeness and unbiased estimation of mean vector in the multivariate group sequential case. Journal of Multivariate Analysis 2007;98(3):505- 516. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jmva.2006.01.001]
  59. Ferrari RM, Cooney MA, Vexler A, Liu A, Buck Louis GM. Time to pregnancy and multiple births. Human Reproduction 2007;22(2):407-413. [DOI: 10.1093/humrep/del374; PMID: 17000648]
  60. Bondell HD, Liu A, Schisterman EF. Statistical inference based on pooled data: A moment- based estimating equation approach. Journal of Applied Statistics 2007;34(2):129-140. [DOI: 10.1080/02664760600994844]
  61. Bai RK, Leal SM, Covarrubias D, Liu A, Wong LJ. Mitochondrial genetic background modifies breast cancer risk. Cancer Research 2007;67(10):4687-4694. [DOI: 10.1158/0008- 5472.CAN-06-3554; PMID: 17510395]
  62. Bloom MS, Buck Louis GM, Schisterman EF, Liu A, Kostyniak PJ. Maternal serum polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations across critical windows of human development. Environmental Health Perspectives 2007;115(9):1320-1324. [DOI: 10.1289/ehp.10086; PMID: 17805422; PMCID: PMC1964915
  63. Shu Y, Liu A, Li Z. Sequential evaluation of a medical diagnostic test with binary outcomes. Statistics in Medicine 2007;26(24):4416-4427. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.2881 External Web Site Policy ; PMID: 17539044]
  64. Vexler A, Schisterman EF, Liu A. Estimation of ROC curves based on stably distributed biomarkers subject to measurement error and pooling mixtures. Statistics in Medicine 2008;27(2):280–296. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.3035; PMID: 17721905; PMCID: PMC2761639]
  65. Zou KH, Liu A. Sophisticated diagnostic modalities. Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences 2008;366(1874):2251-2252. [DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0046; PMID: 18407891; PMCID: PMC2706448]
  66. Wu C, Liu A, Yu KF. An adaptive approach to designing comparative diagnostic accuracy studies. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics 2008;18(1):116-125. [DOI: 10.1080/10543400701668282; PMID: 18161544]
  67. Browne RW, Bloom MS, Schisterman EF, Hovey K, Trevisan M, Wu C, Liu A, Wactawski- Wende J. Analytical and biological variation of biomarkers of oxidative stress during the menstrual cycle. Biomarkers 2008;13(2):160-183. [DOI: 10.1080/13547500701775563; PMID: 18270869; PMCID: PMC2504010]
  68. Liu A, Wu C, Yu KF. Point and interval estimation of primary and secondary parameters in a two-stage adaptive clinical trial. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics 2008;18(2):211- 226. [DOI: 10.1080/10543400701697125; PMID: 18327717]
  69. Liu A, Wu C, Schisterman EF. Nonparametric sequential evaluation of diagnostic biomarkers. Statistics in Medicine 2008;27(10):1667-1678. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.3203; PMID: 18241080; PMCID: PMC2749252]
  70. Liu A, Wu C, Yu KF. Two-stage procedures for selecting the best diagnostic biomarkers. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society A 2008;366(1874):2293-2299. [DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0032; PMID: 18407902; PMCID: PMC3227145]
  71. Shu Y, Liu A, Li Z. Point and interval estimation of accuracies of a binary medical diagnostic test in group sequential testing. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society A 2008;366(1874):2335-2345. [DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2008.0041; PMID: 18407894]
  72. Vexler A, Liu A, Eliseeva E, Schisterman EF. Maximum likelihood ratio tests for comparing the discriminatory ability of biomarkers subject to limit of detection. Biometrics 2008;64(3):895-903. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0420.2007.00941.x; PMID: 18047527; PMCID: PMC2761038]
  73. Zhang J, Masciocchi M, Lewis D, Sun W, Liu A, Wang Y. Placental anti-oxidant gene polymorphisms, enzyme activity, and oxidative stress in preeclampsia. Placenta 2008;29(5):439-443. [DOI: 10.1016/j.placenta.2008.02.012; PMID: 18387669; PMCID: PMC2570102]
  74. Poola I, Abraham J, Liu A, Marshalleck JJ, DeWitty RL. The cell surface estrogen receptor, G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), is markedly down regulated during breast tumorigenesis. Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research 2008;1:65-78. [PMID: 21655374; PMCID: PMC3091398]
  75. Wactawski-Wende J, Schisterman EF, Hovey KM, Howards PP, Browne RW, Hediger M, Liu A, Trevisan M; BioCycle Study Group. BioCycle Study: Design of the longitudinal study of the oxidative stress and hormone variation during the menstrual cycle. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2009;23(2):171-184. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1365- 3016.2008.00985.x; PMID: 19159403; PMCID: PMC2722955]
  76. Wu MX, Yu KF, Liu A. Exact inference on contrasts in means of intraclass correlation models with missing responses. Journal of Multivariate Analysis 2009;100(2):301-308. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jmva.2008.05.002; PMID: 20126283; PMCID: PMC2659342]
  77. Li Q, Liu A, Yu K, Yu KF. A weighted rank-sum procedure for comparing samples with multiple endpoints. Statistics and Its Interface 2009;2(2):197-201. [PMID: 19823699; PMCID: PMC2759535]
  78. Wu MX, Yu KF, Liu AY. Estimation of variance components in the mixed-effects models: A comparison between analysis of variance and spectral decomposition. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 2009;139(12):3962-3973. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jspi.2009.03.014; PMID: 20160928; PMCID: PMC2762235]
  79. Yang S, Liu A, Weidenhammer A, Cooksey RC, McClain D, Kim MK, Aguilera G, Abel ED, Chung JH. The role of mPer2clock gene in glucocorticoid and feeding rhythms. Endocrinology 2009;150(5):2153-2160. [DOI: 10.1210/en.2008-0705; PMID: 19179447; PMCID: PMC2671901]
  80. Vexler A, Wu C, Liu A, Whitcomb BW, Schisterman EF. An extension of a change-point problem. Statistics 2009;43(3):213-225. [DOI: 10.1080/02331880802395930]
  81. Tang LL, Liu A. Sample size recalculation in sequential diagnostic trials. Biostatistics 2010;11(1):151-163. [DOI: 10.1093/biostatistics/kxp044; PMID: 19822693; PMCID: PMC2800369]
  82. Li Q, Zheng G, Liu A, Xiong S, Li Z, Yu K. The limiting bound of Efron’s W-formula for hypothesis testing when a nuisance parameter is present only under the alternative. Journalof Statistical Planning and Inference 2010;140(6):1610–1617. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jspi.2009.12.021]
  83. Liu A, Li Q, Liu C, Yu K, Yu KF. A rank-based test for comparison of multidimensional outcomes. Journal of the American Statistical Association 2010;105(490):578-587. [DOI: 10.1198/jasa.2010.ap09114; PMID: 21625372; PMCID: PMC3102319]
  84. Whitcomb BW, Bodach SD, Mumford SL, Perkins NJ, Trevisan M, Wactawski-Wende J, Liu A, Schisterman EF. Ovarian function and cigarette smoking. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2010;24(5):433-440. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3016.2010.01131.x; PMID: 20670224; PMCID: PMC2945213]
  85. Vexler A, Liu A, Schisterman EF. Nonparametric deconvolution of density estimation based on observed sums. Journal of Nonparametric Statistics 2010;22(1):23-29. [DOI: 10.1080/10485250903094286]
  86. Liu A, Liu C, Li Q, Yu KF, Yuan VW. A threshold sample-enrichment approach in a clinical trial with heterogeneous subpopulations. Clinical Trials 2010;7(5):537-545. [DOI: 10.1177/1740774510378695; PMID: 20685769; PMCID: PMC2995455]
  87. Li QZ, Zheng G, Liu A, Li Z, Yu K. Approximating probabilities of correlated events.Science in China A 2010;53(11):2937-2948. [DOI: 10.1007/s11425-010-4053-0]
  88. Liu C, Liu A, Halabi S. A min-max combination of biomarkers to improve diagnostic accuracy. Statistics in Medicine 2011;30(16):2005–2014. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.4238; PMID: 21472763; PMCID: PMC3116024]
  89. Pan D, Li Q, Jiang N, Liu A, Yu K. Robust joint analysis allowing for model uncertainty in two-stage genetic association studies. BMC Bioinformatics 2011;12:9. [DOI: 10.1186/1471- 2105-12-9; PMID: 21211060; PMCID: PMC3027114]
  90. Yan LK, Liu A, Li Z, Zheng G. Optimal two-stage sequential robust design for gene- intervention studies. Statistics and Its Interface 2011;4(4):431–441.
  91. Liu A, Liu C, Zhang Z, Albert PS. Optimality of group testing in the presence of misclassification. Biometrika2012;99(1):245–251. [DOI: 10.1093/biomet/asr064; PMID: 23049137; PMCID: PMC3412609]
  92. Mills JL, Carter TC, Kay DM, Browne ML, Brody LC, Liu A, Romitti PA, Caggana M, Druschel CM. Folate and vitamin B12-related genes and risk for omphalocele. Human Genetics 2012;131(5):739-746. [DOI: 10.1007/s00439-011-1117-3; PMID: 22116453; PMCID: PMC3374579]
  93. Nansel TR, Iannotti RJ, Liu A. Clinic-integrated behavioral intervention for families of youth with type 1 diabetes: randomized clinical trial. Pediatrics 2012;129(4):e866-e873. [DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-2858; PMID: 22392172; PMCID: PMC3313642]
  94. Wu MX, Yu KF, Liu A, Ma TF. Simultaneous optimal estimation in linear mixed models. Metrika2012;75(4):471–489. [DOI: 10.1007/s00184-010-0337-1]
  95. Browne ML, Carter TC, Kay DM, Kuehn D, Brody LC, Romitti PA, Liu A, Caggana M, Druschel CM, Mills JL. Evaluation of genes involved in limb development, angiogenesis, and coagulation as risk factors for congenital limb deficiencies. American Journal of Medical Genetics A 2012;158A(10):2643-2472. [DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.35565; PMID: 22965740; PMCID: PMC3448837]
  96. Fan R, Zhang Y, Albert PS, Liu A, Wang Y, Xiong M. Longitudinal association analysis of quantitative traits. Genetic Epidemiology 2012;36:856–869. [DOI: 10.1002/gepi.21673; PMID: 22965819; PMCID: PMC4444073]
  97. Zhang Z, Liu A, Lyles RH, Mukherjee B. Logistic regression analysis of biomarker data subject to pooling and dichotomization. Statistics in Medicine 2012;31(22):2473-2484. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.4367; PMID: 21953741]
  98. Song Y, Yeung E, Liu A, VanderWeele TJ, Chen L, Lu C, Liu C, Schisterman EF, Ning Y, Zhang C. Pancreatic beta-cell function and type 2 diabetes risk: quantify the causal effect using a Mendelian randomization approach based on meta-analyses. Human Molecular Genetics 2012;21(22):5010-5018. [DOI: 10.1093/hmg/dds339; PMID: 22936689; PMCID: PMC3607483]
  99. Carter TC, Kay DM, Browne ML, Liu A, Romitti PA, Kuehn D, Conley MR, Caggana M, Druschel CM, Brody LC, Mills JL. Hirschsprung's disease and variants in genes that regulate enteric neural crest cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. Journal of Human Genetics 2012;57(8):485-493. [DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2012.54; PMID: 22648184; PMCID: PMC3503526]
  100. Tang LL, Liu A, Schisterman EF, Zhou XH, Liu CC. Homogeneity tests of clustered diagnostic markers with applications to the BioCycle Study. Statistics in Medicine 2012;31(28):3638-3648. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.5391; PMID: 22733707; PMCID: PMC4084872]
  101. Carter TC, Kay DM, Browne ML, Liu A, Romitti PA, Kuehn D, Conley MR, Caggana M, Druschel CM, Brody LC, Mills JL. Anorectal atresia and variants at predicted regulatory sites in candidate genes. Annals of Human Genetics 2013;77(1):31-46. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2012.00734.x; PMID: 23127126; PMCID: PMC3535506]
  102. Tang LL, Kang L, Liu C, Schisterman EF, Liu A. An additive selection of markers to improve diagnostic accuracy based on a discriminatory measure. AcademicRadiology 2013; 20(7): 854–862. [DOI: 10.1016/j.acra.2013.02.009; PMID: 23611438; PMCID: PMC41723320]
  103. Fan R, Lee A, Lu Z, Liu A, Troendle JF, Mills JL. Association analysis of complex diseases using triads, parent-child dyads and singleton monads. BMC Genetics 2013;14:78. [DOI: 10.1186/1471-2156-14-78; PMID: 24007308; PMCID: PMC3844511]
  104. Tang LL, Liu A, Chen Z, Schisterman EF, Zhang B, Miao Z. Nonparametric ROC summary statistics for clustered diagnostic marker data. Statistics in Medicine 2013;32(13):2209-2220. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.5654; PMID: 23055248; PMCID: PMC3578098]
  105. Jin M, Liu A, Chen Z, Li Z. Sequential testing of measurement errors in inter-rater reliability studies. Statistica Sinica 2013;23(4):1743-1759. [DOI: 10.5705/ss.2012.036s; PMID: 25525316; PMCID: PMC4267541]
  106. Sarkar C, Chandra G, Peng S, Zhang Z, Liu A, Mukherjee AB. Neuroprotection and lifespan extension in Ppt1(-/-) mice by NtBuHA: therapeutic implications for INCL. Nature Neuroscience 2013;16(11):1608-1617. [DOI: 10.1038/nn.3526; PMID: 24056696; PMCID: PMC3812271]
  107. Liu C, Liu A, Zhang B, Zhang Z. Improved confidence intervals of a small probability from pooled testing with misclassification. Frontiers in Public Health 2013;1:1-39. [DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2013.00039; PMID: 24350208; PMCID: PMC3859966]
  108. Li ZB, Liu A, Li ZH, LI QZ. Rank-based tests for comparison of multiple endpoints among several populations. Statistics and Its Interface 2014;7:9-18. [DOI: 10.4310/SII.2014.v7.n1.a2]
  109. Li Q, Xiong W, Chen J, Zheng G, Li Z, Mills JL, Liu A. A robust test for quantitative trait analysis with model uncertainty in genetic association studies. Statistics and Its Interface 2014;7(1):61-68. [DOI: 10.4310/SII.2014.v7.n1.a7]
  110. Albert PS, Liu A, Nansel T. Efficient logistic regression designs under an imperfect population identifier. Biometrics 2014;70(1):175-184. [DOI: 10.1111/biom.12106; PMID: 24261471; PMCID: PMC3954435]
  111. Nansel TR, Lipsky LM, Liu A, Laffel LM, Mehta SN. Contextual factors are associated with diet quality in youth with type 1 diabetes. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2014;114(8):1223-1229. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jand.2014.01.012; PMID: 24651028; PMCID: PMC4111984]
  112. Liu C, Liu A, Hu J, Yuan V, Halabi S. Adjusting for misclassification in stratified biomarker clinical trials. Statistics in Medicine 2014;33(18):3100-3113. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.6164; PMID: 24733510; PMCID: PMC4107031]
  113. Mills JL, Fan R, Brody LC, Liu A, Ueland PM, Wang Y, Kirke PN, Shane B, Molloy AM. Maternal choline concentrations during pregnancy and choline-related genetic variants as risk factors for neural tube defects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2014;100(4):1069-1074. [DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.113.079319; PMID: 25240073; PMCID: PMC4163794]
  114. Chen L, Yuan A, Liu A, Chen G. Longitudinal data analysis using Bayesian-frequentist hybrid random effects model. Journal of Applied Statistics 2014;41(9):2001-2010. [DOI:10.1080/02664763.2014.898137; PMID: 25143663; PMCID: PMC4133133]
  115. Levin SW, Baker EH, Zein WM, Zhongjian Z, Quezado ZM, Miao N, Gropman A, Griffin KJ, Bianconi S, Chandra G, Khan OI, Caruso RC, Liu A, Mukherjee AB. Oral cysteamine bitartrate and N-acetylcysteine for patients with infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis: a pilot study. Lancet Neurology 2014;13(8):777-787. [DOI: 10.1016/S1474-4422(14)70142- 5; PMID: 24997880; PMCID: PMC4139936]
  116. Bao W, Tobias DK, Bowers K, Chavarro J, Vaag A, Grunnet LG, Strøm M, Mills J, Liu A, Kiely M, Zhang C. Physical activity and sedentary behaviors associated with risk of progression from gestational diabetes mellitus to type 2 diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study. JAMA Internal Medicine 2014;174(7):1047-1055. [DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.1795; PMID: 24841449; PMCID: PMC4209161]
  117. Zhang Z, Nie L, Soon G, Liu A. The use of covariates and random effects in evaluating predictive biomarkers under a potential outcome framework. Annual of Applied Statistics 2014;8(4):2336–2355. [DOI: 10.1214/14-AOAS773; PMID: 26779295; PMCID: PMC4714717]
  118. Zhang C, Hu FB, Olsen SF, Vaag A, Gore-Langton R, Chavarro JE, Bao W, Yeung E, Bowers K, Grunnet LG, Sherman S, Kiely M, Strøm M, Hansen S, Liu A, Mills J, Fan R; DWH Study Team. Rationale, design, and method of the Diabetes & Women's Health study--a study of long-term health implications of glucose intolerance in pregnancy and their determinants. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 2014;93(11):1123-1130. [DOI: 10.1111/aogs.12425; PMID: 24828694; PMCID: PMC4205761]
  119. Yeung EH, Liu A, Mills J, Zhang C, Männistö T, Lu Z, Tsai MY, Mendola P. Increased levels of copeptin before clinical diagnosis of preeclampsia. Hypertension 2014;64(6):1362- 1367. [DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.03762; PMID: 25225209]
  120. Zhang Z, Liu C, Kim S, Liu A. Prevalence estimation subject to misclassification: the mis-specification bias and some remedies. Statistics in Medicine 2014;33(25):4482-4500. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.6268; PMID: 25043925; PMCID: PMC4184986]
  121. Wang Y, Liu A, Mills JL, Boehnke M, Wilson AF, Bailey-Wilson JE, Xiong M, Wu CO, Fan R. Pleiotropy analysis of quantitative traits at gene level by multivariate functional linear models. Genetic Epidemiology 2015;39(4):259-275. [DOI: 10.1002/gepi.21895; PMID: 25809955; PMCID: PMC4443751]
  122. Nansel TR, Laffel LM, Haynie DL, Mehta SN, Lipsky LM, Volkening LK, Butler DA, Higgins LA, Liu A. Improving dietary quality in youth with type 1 diabetes: randomized clinical trial of a family-based behavioral intervention. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2015;12:58. [DOI: 10.1186/s12966-015-0214-4; PMID: 25952160; PMCID: PMC4436744]
  123. Nansel TR, Thomas DM, Liu A. Efficacy of a behavioral intervention for pediatric type 1 diabetes across income. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2015;49(6):930-934. [DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.05.006; PMID: 26231856; PMCID: PMC4706073]
  124. Rigler SL, Kay DM, Sicko RJ, Fan R, Liu A, Caggana M, Browne ML, Druschel CM, Romitti PA, Brody LC, Mills JL. Novel copy-number variants in a population-based investigation of classic heterotaxy. Genetics in Medicine 2015;17(5):348-357. [DOI: 10.1038/gim.2014.112; PMID: 25232849]
  125. Boghossian NS, Sicko RJ, Kay DM, Rigler SL, Caggana M, Tsai MY, Yeung EH, Pankratz N, Cole BR, Druschel CM, Romitti PA, Browne ML, Fan R, Liu A, Brody LC, Mills JM. Rare copy number variants implicated in posterior urethral valves. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2016;170(3):622-633. [DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.37493; PMID: 26663319]
  126. Zhu Y, Olsen SF, Mendola P, Yeung EH, Vaag A, Bowers K, Liu A, Bao W, Li S, Madsen C, Grunnet LG, Granström C, Hansen S, Martin K, Chavarro JE, Hu FB, Langhoff- Roos J, Damm P, Zhang C. Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: a prospective cohort study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016;103(3):794-800. [DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.115.121780; PMID: 26817507; PMCID: PMC4763496].
  127. Li S, Zhu Y, Chavarro JE, Bao W, Tobias DK, Ley SH, Forman JP, Liu A, Mills J, Bowers K, Strøm M, Hansen S, Hu FB, Zhang C. Healthful dietary patterns and the risk of hypertension among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study. Hypertension 2016;67(6):1157-1165. [DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.06747; PMID: 27091899; PMCID: PMC4865422]
  128. Cai X, Li H, Liu A. A marginal rank-based inverse normal transformation approach to comparing multiple clinical trial endpoints. Statistics in Medicine 2016;35(19):3259-3271. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.6928; PMID: 26990442; PMCID: PMC4938741]
  129. Wu M, Shu Y, Li Z, Liu A. Repeated significance tests of linear combinations of sensitivity and specificity of a diagnostic biomarker. Statistics in Medicine 2016;35(19):3397-3412. [DOI: 10.1002/sim.6932; PMID: 26947768; PMCID: PMC4938793].
  130. Nansel TR, Lipsky LM, Liu A. Greater diet quality is associated with more optimal glycemic control in a longitudinal study of youth with type 1 diabetes. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016;104(1):81-87. [DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.115.126136; PMID: 27194309; PMCID: PMC4919526]
  131. Kang L, Liu A, Tian L. Linear combination methods to improve diagnostic/prognostic accuracy on future observations. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2016;25(4):1359– 1380. [DOI: 10.1177/0962280213481053; PMID: 23592714; PMCID: PMC4180010]
  132. Lipsky LM, Gee B, Liu A, Nansel TR. Glycemic control and variability in association with body mass index and body composition over 18 months in youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Research and Clinical Research 2016;120:97-103. [DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2016.07.028; PMID: 27525365]
  133. Nansel TR, Leah ML, Siega-Riz AM, Burger K, Faith M, Liu A. Pregnancy Eating Attributes Study (PEAS): a cohort study examining behavioral and environmental influences on diet and weight change in pregnancy and postpartum. BMC Nutrition 2016;2(1):45.
  134. Lipsky LM, Gee B, Liu A, Nansel TR. Body mass index and adiposity indicators associated with cardiovascular biomarkers in youth with type 1 diabetes followed prospectively. Pediatric Obesity 2016 Jul 15. [DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.12167; PMID: 27417272]
  135. Sun X, Liu A, Li Z. Maximizing an ROC-type measure via linear combinations of biomarkers. Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology 2016;16(3):103-116. [DOI: 10.1007/s10742-016-0150-z]
  136. Nansel TR, Lipsky LM, Eisenberg MH, Liu A, Mehta SN, Laffel LM. Can families eat better without spending more? Improving diet quality does not increase diet cost in a randomized clinical trial among youth with type 1 diabetes and their parents. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2016;116(11):1751-1759.e1. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jand.2016.07.005 External Web Site Policy ; PMID: 27597745; PMCID: PMC5085870]
  137. Eisenberg MH, Lipsky LM, Dempster KW, Liu A, Nansel TR. I should but I can't: Controlled motivation and self-efficacy are related to disordered eating behaviors in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Adolescent Health 2016;59(5):537-542. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.06.008; PMID: 27567063; PMCID: PMC5077655]
  138. Wu M, Zhang D, Liu A. Estimation of a diagnostic accuracy index of a diagnostic biomarker when the reference gold standard is continuous and measured with error. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics 2016;26(6):1111-1117. [DOI: 10.1080/10543406.2016.1226330 External Web Site Policy ; PMID: 27548574]
  139. Foster JC, Liu D, Albert PS, Liu A. Identifying subgroups of enhanced predictive accuracy from longitudinal biomarker data using tree-based approaches: applications to fetal growth. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A 2017;180(1):247-261. [DOI: 10.1111/rssa.12182; PMID: 28239239; PMCID: PMC5321661]
  140. Li Q, Liu A, Xiong W. D-optimality of group testing for joint estimation of correlated rare diseases with misclassification. Statistica Sinica. 2017;27(2):823-838.
  141. Gee BT, Nansel TR, Liu A. Reduction of hypoglycaemic events with a behavioural intervention: A randomized clinical trial for paediatric patients with Type I diabetes mellitus. Diabetic Medicine 2017;34(3):340-347. [DOI: 10.1111/dme.12744; PMID: 25763988; PMCID: PMC4589424]
  142. Chiu CY, Jung J, Chen W, Weeks DE, Ren H, Boehnke M, Amos CI, Liu A, Mills JM, Ting-Lee ML, Xiong M, Fan R. Meta-analysis of quantitative pleiotropic traits for next-generation sequencing with multivariate functional linear models. European Journal of Human Genetics 2017;25(3):350-359. [DOI: 10.1038/ejhg.2016.170; PMID: 28000696; PMCID: PMC5315507]
  143. Bagh MB, Peng S, Chandra G, Zhang Z, Singh SP, Pattabiraman N, Liu A, Mukherjee AB. Misrouting of v-ATPase subunit V0a1 dysregulates lysosomal acidification in a neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disease model. Nature Communications 2017;8:14612. [DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14612; PMID: 28266544; PMCID: PMC5344305]
  144. Mendola P, Ghassabian A, Mills JL, Zhang C, Tsai MY, Liu A, Yeung EH. Retinol- binding protein 4 and lipids prospectively measured during early to mid-pregnancy in relation to preeclampsia and preterm birth risk. American Journal of Hypertension 2017; 30:569-576. [DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx020; PMID: 28338737; DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpx020 External Web Site Policy ]
  145. Carter T, Sicko R, Kay D, Browne M, Romitti, P, Edmunds Z, Liu A, Fan R, Druschel C, Caggana M, Brody L, Mills J. Copy-number variants and candidate gene mutations in isolated split hand/foot malformation. Journal of Human Genetics 2017; [DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2017.56; PMID:28539665]
  146. Zhang W, Liu Y, Tang L, Liu A, Mills JL, Sun Y. Li Q. GATE: an efficient procedure in study of pleiotropic genetic associations. BMC Genomics. 2017.
  147. Eisenberg MH, Lipsky LM, Gee B, Liu A, Nansel TR. Parent healthful eating attitudes and motivation are prospectively associated with dietary quality among youth with type 1 diabetes. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies: An International Interdisciplinary Journal for Research, Policy and Care 2017
  148. Wang Y, Sun H, Wang H, Liu A. Efficiency of targeted clinical trials with pre-post designs for a binary endpoint. Statistics in Biosciences. (In press).
  149. Yin L, Diao G, Liu A. A Semiparametric method for comparing the discriminatory ability of biomarkers subject to limit of detection. Statistics in Medicine. (In press).
  150. Yimer WK, Albert PF, Lipsky LM, Nansel, TR, Liu A. A joint model for multivariate hierarchical semicontinuous data with replications. Statistical Methods in Medical Research. (Revision invited).

Books and Book Chapters

  1. Liu A, Schisterman EF. Principal component analysis. In Encyclopedia of Biopharmaceutical Statistics, 2nd ed. 2004.
  2. Liu A, Yu KF. Inference following a sequential clinical trial. In Clinical Trials Handbook, Wiley, 2009.
  3. Liu A, Liu CL, Yu KF. Group-Sequential methods in biomedical research. In Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences. Wiley, 2009.
  4. Liu A, Liu CL, Yu KF. Group-Sequential methods in biomedical research. In Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences. Wiley, 2010.
  5. Zou KH, Liu A, Bandos A, Ohno-Machado L, Rockette H. Statistical Evaluation of Diagnostic Performance: Topics in ROC Analysis. Chapman & Hall/CRC, New York, 2011.
  6. Chen Z, Liu A, Qu Y, Tang L, Ting N, Tsong Y (editors). Applied Statistics in Biomedicine and Clinical Trials Design: Selected Papers from 2013 ICSA/ISBS Joint Statistical Meetings. Springer, New York, 2015.

Non-Research Articles

  1. Bai RK, Leal SM, Covarrubias D, Wong LJC, Liu A. In response. Cancer Research. 2008;68(2):624. DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-07-5706.
  2. Mietlowski W, Kolassa JE, Geneus V, Liu A, Shen W, Yu CR, Zou KH. Effective Research-oriented internships to foster the next generation of statisticians. AmStat News December 2016;22-24.
  3. Liu A, Yue LQ. A conversation with Dr. Greg Campbell. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics 2016;26(6):1007-1019. [DOI :10.1080/10543406.2016.1226331 External Web Site Policy ; PMID: 27548092]
  4. Nansel T, Liu A, Gee B. Response to 'Early view: an opportunity for enhanced peer review'.
  5. Diabetic Medicine 2017 Mar 22. [DOI: 10.1111/dme.13353; PMID: 28326603]
  6. Liu A. Get prepared to become a successful statistician in a collaborative research environment. External Web Site Policy