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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and HIV/AIDS Program

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The scope of this Branch Program includes:

  • Social and behavioral research on STDs, including HIV, using population-representative samples in all individuals, regardless of sexual orientation
  • Social and behavioral interventions designed to reduce transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and/or to increase STI/HIV testing and treatment

Specific areas of interest include:

  • Social, institutional, economic, and cultural factors and contexts that affect STI/HIV outcomes
  • Interrelationships between pregnancy prevention and disease prevention
  • Consequences of STI/HIV prevention strategies and STI/HIV infection on individual well-being, interpersonal relationships, reproductive outcomes, and the well-being of families, communities, and society
  • Behaviors related to the risk of STDs, including initiation and trajectories of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and sexual partnerships; partnership dynamics and characteristics; and partner selection and the negotiation of protected sex
  • Interrelationships among structural, population-level, and individual-factors and characteristics that affect HIV/STD risk and transmission. Examples of factors at these differing levels include but are not limited to:
    • Sexual behaviors and sexual partners, socioeconomic status, demographic characteristics, access to services
    • Relationships with partners, family, friends, and others
    • Social networks
    • Social, institutional, economic, and cultural contexts
    • Legal, educational, religious, fraternal, and health services institutions
    • Values and beliefs related to gender
    • Media
    • Prevention messages
    • Environmental influences, such as road systems, alcohol sales venues, housing availability, and general health and disease prevalence of the community
  • Design, implementation, and evaluation of theoretically grounded social and behavioral interventions for both individuals and providers that are aimed at reducing STI/HIV transmission, increasing STI/HIV testing, and improving medical adherence related to STIs and HIV
  • Methodologies and measures to improve research on STIs/HIV, including developing reliable and unbiased measures, data collection methods that improve validity of self-reports, and methods for validation of self-report data

Contact: Dr. Susan Newcomer

Contact Information

Name: Dr Rebecca L Clark
Branch Chief
Population Dynamics Branch
Phone: 301-496-1174
Fax: 301-496-0962

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