In 2010, the NIH, within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), within the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA), established an interagency partnership to improve human health by promoting the use of agriculturally important domestic animal species in basic and translational research relevant to both biomedicine and agriculture. The Dual Purpose with Dual Benefit” Program encourages comparative medicine studies that use farm animal models that mimic human developmental, physiological, and etiological processes to better understand disease origins and improve efficiency of assisted reproduction technology.
As part of the program, the NICHD, NIFA, and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute issued a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) in July 2010: PAR-10-276: Dual Purpose with Dual Benefit: Research in Biomedicine and Agriculture Using Agriculturally Important Domestic Animal Species (R01). Since then, the NICHD and NIFA have supported seven and six awards, respectively. The agencies also expect to issue more awards under this partnership.
In April 2013, the FOA was reissued by the NICHD and NIFA: PAR-13-204: Dual Purpose with Dual Benefit: Research in Biomedicine and Agriculture Using Agriculturally Important Domestic Animal Species (R01).
The research activities supported jointly by the NIH and the USDA must be consistent with the broader missions of both agencies and must advance scientific knowledge to improve human health, animal health, and farm animal production. The topic areas of interest to both agencies include the following: