Every day, physicians and new parents must struggle with the type of care to provide extremely low birthweight infants, the smallest, most delicate category of preterm infants. These infants are born in the 22nd through the 25th week of pregnancy—far earlier than the 40 weeks of a full term pregnancy. Most die soon after birth. Although some survive and reach adulthood unaffected, others experience some degree of life-long disability.
A recently released NIH study identified several factors that influenced the outcomes of these infants. To read about the study, visit the Study Reveals Multiple Factors That Influence Premature Infant Survival.
In the following video, Dr. Rosemary Higgins, NICHD co-author on the study, explains the results of the study. She also describes an online tool that physicians and families can consult for outcome estimates, based upon the factors the researchers identified in the study.